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African Individuals’s Conference ‘digesting’ lack of Parliament seat – NEWPAPER24



African Individuals’s Conference ‘digesting’ lack of Parliament seat

2019-05-17 16:10:00

JOHANNESBURG – Outgoing MP Themba Godi has described his get together’s lack of its solely seat within the Nationwide Meeting as a setback.

The African Individuals‘s Conference will meet on Saturday to debate its future.

The get together says it is decided to pursue its African agenda from outdoors Parliament.

Godi stated the get together would meet in Johannesburg to “verbalise the digestion” of the lack of the parliamentary seat.

The chief stated the get together has set out their plan for the longer term outdoors of parliament and remained optimistic about his get together’s campaigning regardless of the loss.

Godi was a long-serving chairperson of Parliament’s Standing Committee on Public Accounts.


Huawei senior govt working with Google to counter U.S. ban – NEWPAPER24




Huawei senior govt working with Google to counter U.S. ban

2019-05-21 10:41:46

Huawei signage are pictured at a cell phone store in Singapore, Could 21, 2019. Newpaper24/Edgar Su

BRUSSELS (Newpaper24) – Chinese language telecoms tools maker Huawei is working intently with Google to resolve restrictions imposed by the USA final week, a senior Huawei govt mentioned on Tuesday.

“They (Google) have zero motivation to dam us. We’re working intently with Google to learn the way Huawei can deal with the state of affairs and the impression from the U.S. Division of Commerce determination,” Abraham Liu, Huawei’s consultant to the EU establishments instructed Newpaper24.

Reporting by Foo Yun Chee; Enhancing by Alissa de Carbonnel

Our Requirements:The Thomson Newpaper24 Belief Ideas.
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Over The Rainbow composer sues Apple and different tech companies for piracy – NEWPAPER24




Over The Rainbow composer sues Apple and different tech companies for piracy

2019-05-21 09:53:23

Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Picture caption Arlen’s son is searching for as much as $4.5m in damages

The property of Harold Arlen – who wrote such American songbook classics as Over The Rainbow and Get Completely satisfied – is suing a number of the world’s largest tech companies.

Arlen’s son, Sam Arlen, says he has discovered greater than 6,000 unauthorised copies of his songs on Apple, Google, Amazon and Microsoft’s companies – usually at decrease costs than the originals.

His attorneys declare the companies are engaged in “large piracy operations”.

Arlen is searching for damages that would attain into the hundreds of thousands of {dollars}.

Based on the authorized papers filed in Los Angeles, streaming companies and obtain shops are flooded with “bootleg” copies of Arlen’s songs, robbing his property of royalties.

The 148-page submitting makes gives a number of examples of alleged piracy.

It notes {that a} fan on the lookout for Ethel Ennis’ recording of Arlen’s tune For Each Man, There Is A Girl can discover the official recording on the RCA Victor label for $1.29 (£1.01) on iTunes. Nonetheless, a separate model on the Stardust Information label – that includes the identical cowl artwork with the RCA Victor Emblem edited out – is on the market for $0.89 (70p).

Equally, Benny Goodman’s 1955 album Get Completely satisfied, on the Capitol Information label, is $7.99 (£6.29) on Google Play and Amazon, alongside a Pickwick Group copy which sells for $6.99 (£5.50).

In some instances, the alleged pirate copies comprise the tell-tale “skips, pops and crackles” of vinyl – suggesting they have been duplicated from a file, somewhat than the unique grasp tapes.

“It’s arduous to think about that an individual strolling into Tower Information, off the road, with arms stuffed with CDs and vinyl data and claiming to be the file label for Frank Sinatra, Louis Armstrong, and Ella Fitzgerald, may achieve having that retailer promote their copies straight subsequent to the identical albums launched by legendary file labels, Capitol, RCA, and Columbia, and at a cheaper price,” said Arlen’s attorneys.

“But, this precise apply happens every single day within the digital music enterprise the place there may be… an entire willingness by the digital music shops and companies to hunt fashionable and iconic recordings from any supply, professional or not, offered they take part in sharing the proceeds.”

Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Picture caption Over the Rainbow gained the Oscar for greatest tune in 1939, and was later named Music of the Century by the US Recording Academy

A part of the dispute seems to stem from the variations in copyright regulation between the US and Europe.

Within the US, copyright for sound recordings made after 1923 and earlier than 1972 is mostly 95 years. Within the UK and Europe, copyright expires after 70 years, after which sound recordings enter the general public area.

Even so, a number of the recordings cited in Arlen’s courtroom papers are nonetheless protected by copyright in Europe; whereas the compositions themselves are usually not within the public area (a author’s copyright continues for 70 years after their dying).

The property is suing dozens of file labels alongside the web retailers, which it claims have “continued to work with” alleged pirates regardless of having information of copyright infringement “for a number of years”.

Arguing that songs like It is Solely A Paper Moon, Over The Rainbow, Stormy Climate and I’ve Obtained The World On A String have been “monumental artworks [that] are, fairly actually, nationwide treasures”; they’re searching for damages within the area of $4.5m (£3.5m).

Something much less, attorneys argued, would “quantity to a slap on the wrist, and reward multi-billion and -trillion greenback corporations that rule the digital music markets for his or her wilful infringement on a grand scale.”

The businesses named within the courtroom papers have but to remark.

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Abortion Bans Create a Public Well being Nightmare – NEWPAPER24




Abortion Bans Create a Public Well being Nightmare

2019-05-21 10:00:00

On Friday, the legislature of Missouri handed a ban on abortions, among the many most excessive of any state. It prohibits any abortions after eight weeks of gestation, placing it among the many class of misleadingly named “heartbeat payments” that use fetal cardiac exercise as a marker for … nicely, illegality, actually. Like a legislation signed earlier final week in Alabama, the Missouri invoice accommodates no exceptions for circumstances of rape or incest. That makes eight US states with related excessive bans on their books—every vying to be the legislation that makes its approach to the Supreme Courtroom and overturns Roe v. Wade, the 1973 resolution that made abortion authorized in america.

Not one of the restrictions have gone into impact, both due to delays constructed into the laws itself or authorized challenges. In the event that they do, they’ll spark an unintentional, huge experiment in public well being. Already, states with probably the most restrictions on entry to abortions are additionally these with the very best charges of maternal and toddler mortality. The connection isn’t direct—abortion entry could be a form of proxy for entry to all kinds of pre- and postnatal well being care, to not point out correlating roughly with better-funded schooling methods, decrease poverty charges, and tighter environmental regulation. However proof from historical past does recommend a speculation: Extra ladies and infants are going to get sick, be poor, and die.

Within the mid 2000s, billboards worrying in regards to the psychological well being of girls who’d gotten abortions have been widespread, and justices on the Supreme Courtroom expressed concern that these ladies would possibly expertise psychologically damaging “remorse.” Diana Greene Foster, a demographer at UC San Francisco, began questioning if any of that was true. Till then, most analysis taking a look at abortion outcomes in contrast ladies who’d gotten one to ladies who’d gotten pregnant and had a child. That’s science—isolate the factor you wish to research by taking a look at individuals who have it and individuals who don’t.

It’s not nice science, although, as a result of, as Foster realized, the management group wasn’t truly controlling. It didn’t isolate the variable. What you actually need to do is to take a look at ladies with undesirable pregnancies who sought an abortion, and evaluate those that acquired one with those that didn’t. “In case you make abortion restrictions, who they’ll have an effect on are individuals who need abortions and get births, so it was necessary to get the science proper,” Foster says. “What’s the impact if ladies are capable of get the abortion they need? Or can’t get the abortion they need?”

Foster and her colleagues painstakingly arrange a brand new experiment. Between 2008 and 2010 they used abortion clinic visits to recruit ladies in three teams: 273 ladies who acquired a first-trimester abortion, 452 who acquired an abortion at as much as two weeks underneath the clinic’s “gestational restrict,” and 231 whose pregnancies have been as much as three weeks over the clinic’s gestational restrict and have been due to this fact denied an abortion. In different phrases: acquired, barely acquired, didn’t get.

(Half of those ladies, it’s value noting, had incomes beneath the federal poverty line. Three-quarters mentioned they didn’t have the funds for for meals, housing, and transportation. Greater than half already had children.)

Then Foster’s group spent the subsequent 5 years following up with the ladies by telephone to see what occurred. It was referred to as the Turnaway Examine, and the very first thing it discovered was that psychological well being issues for girls who needed abortions and acquired them have been unfounded. “We discovered no variations in psychological well being over time, with the exception that people who find themselves denied have been worse off by way of vanity,” Foster says. (Even that impact was short-lived, spiking at one week after the denial; the teams’ vanity was the identical six months later.)

The Turnaway Examine did discover variations, although. Ladies within the turnaway group have been extra prone to be poor six months after their clinic go to—and nonetheless poor 4 years later. Of the turnaways, those that had extra kids after the one they have been turned away for had worse maternal bonding with that preliminary youngster. If a turnaway lady already had kids—as 61 p.c did—these kids scored decrease on commonplace measures of improvement, and once more have been extra prone to dwell beneath the federal poverty line within the years that adopted. And poverty, to be clear, is a first-rate danger issue for well being issues and for diminished entry to good well being care. “Half of those ladies mentioned, the explanation I need an abortion is that I can’t afford to have a child,” Foster says. “This research doesn’t say that poor ladies ought to get abortions. It says ladies who need abortions ought to get abortions.”

Nor does the Turnaway Examine say that being a mom makes ladies poor. Not by itself, anyway. “It’s a serious predictor of poverty in our nation, not due to its prevalence however as a result of we penalize each side of it,” Foster says. “The helps we have now for low-income ladies aren’t adequate to maintain them from falling into poverty.” She says that one thing like 4,000 ladies get turned away from clinics yearly due to gestation closing dates—precisely what are getting extra restrictive underneath the six-week bans. If these legal guidelines go into impact, that quantity will doubtless go up.

It’s true, although, that poverty is just a proxy for well being outcomes. Foster’s group has a paper in evaluation on precise, longer-term well being penalties among the many turnaways, nevertheless it’s not out but, and I didn’t discover any analysis evaluating outcomes in states with completely different abortion entry ranges past when ladies get abortions throughout a being pregnant—second-trimester abortions grow to be extra widespread—and the admittedly blunt statistical devices of maternal and toddler mortality.

Happily—nicely, possibly not “happily,” however you get what I imply—different international locations have already run this experiment.

Take Romania. Abortion was authorized there till 1966, when Nicolae Ceausescu turned president and outlawed it, together with contraception. He mentioned he needed to extend the variety of native-born Romanians. Ladies have been compelled to get pelvic inspections at work. Police informers roamed maternity hospitals. Performing abortions was against the law.

Because of this, the beginning fee in Romania went up for a pair years, after which in 1970 it went into freefall. Deaths from problems ensuing from tried, unlawful abortions elevated to 10 instances that of the remainder of Europe—about 500 ladies a yr, greater than 10,000 ladies over twenty years. The maternal mortality fee spiked to 150 ladies per 100,000 births. That quantity is insanely excessive. Right this moment, when the US has the worst maternal mortality within the industrialized world, it’s solely a sixth of that (besides in Louisiana, the place the maternal mortality fee for girls over 35 years of age is a 1980s-Romania-adjacent 145.9 per 100,000 births). Additionally, almost 200,000 kids have been put in hellish orphanages.

In December of 1989 a revolution cleared out Ceausescu’s authorities. The brand new management instituted an emergency public well being measure to legalize abortion and contraception. The maternal mortality fee fell 50 p.c within the first yr.

Is that this bumming you out? Right here’s the converse. Amid worries about maternal mortality, Nepal legalized abortion in 2002. Over the subsequent decade or so, 1,200 clinicians realized to supply abortions, and 500,000 ladies acquired them. The maternal mortality fee dropped from 360 to 170 per 100,000 dwell births, and whereas the variety of abortion problems went up—together with whole hospital admissions and whole dwell births—the variety of severe problems went down.

Whereas being pregnant, typically, is one thing like 14 instances as dangerous as a authorized abortion, a lot of the hazard up to now got here from unlawful abortions—usually carried out with out a educated clinician, typically with harmful strategies that contain inserting objects into a girl’s uterus. When individuals discuss “back-alley” abortions and deaths from coat hangers in america, that’s what they imply. Earlier than legalization, a whole lot of girls died yearly within the US from botched induced abortions (versus “spontaneous abortions,” the technical time period for a miscarriage). Legalization additionally resulted in fewer low-weight births and pre-term births.

However there’s purpose for hope right here, in a backwards type of approach. If abortions grow to be unlawful once more, the medicine mifepristone and misoprostol may fight the extra harmful surgical improvisations. Right this moment within the US, each medicine are used, usually together, to induce an abortion. It’s referred to as, weirdly, a “medical” abortion (due to the medication, not as a result of it wants a health care provider) as distinct from a “surgical” abortion, regardless that that usually makes use of suction—aspiration—not a scalpel. By legislation, pharmacies can fill prescriptions for misoprostol; solely abortion suppliers, clinicians, can present mifepristone.

The usual dosages to induce an abortion—as much as 10 weeks of gestation—are 200 milligrams of mifepristone and 800 micrograms of misoprostol, although decrease doses of the latter, right down to 400 mcg, also can work. Taking these drugs at these doses will induce an abortion. A company referred to as Plan C has much more details about that.

So in Romania, for instance, “abortion mortality skyrocketed as a result of individuals have been doing unlawful issues, and ultimately individuals found out methods to do safer unlawful issues,” Foster says. “When it’s unlawful, it may be extraordinarily unsafe, however I’m hoping that doesn’t occur in america. I’m hoping drugs on-line or one thing will meet the wants.”

As any leisure drug person on the Darkish Internet (or man too embarrassed to ask a health care provider for boner drugs) is aware of, on-line sellers provide the identical drugs in any other case solely out there by prescription. That may look like a scary prospect—are they dependable, are the drugs actual, will they only steal the cash? However when one group of researchers tried to get abortion drugs on-line, they discovered it truly labored. The misoprostol was usually lower-concentration than FDA-approved drugs within the US, and among the packages have been broken, however what they acquired from 16 completely different on-line pharmacies examined as chemically the identical, and was normally cheaper than going to a clinic.

On-line drugs would possibly make this subsequent chapter of abortion historical past higher than the final. “That’s not a loopy concept. It’s not essentially an unsafe factor to do,” says Elizabeth Raymond, an ob-gyn and researcher at Gynuity Well being Merchandise who led the online-buying research. “A part of what’s problematic in regards to the scenario is, it’s not clearly authorized … If a girl orders these drugs from abroad, it’s not clear what the legality of that’s.” Raymond’s additionally doing a research now to see how telemedicine and prescriptions for these medicine may assist supplant the dwindling variety of clinics within the US.

If six-week bans go into impact, if Roe will get overturned, some states will make abortion principally unlawful or unlawful altogether, whereas others attempt to make sure continued legality. The general public well being experiment will start, with the 2 populations each experiment wants. Some ladies could have entry to secure abortions; others is not going to. Will get, doesn’t get. Management group and experimental. And as with all cutting-edge science, nobody actually is aware of how this experiment goes to prove.

Charts and extra analysis by Joanna Pearlstein.

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