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Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World _100032705_307859e9-2a69-40f7-bc54-bd464917ad19 AI does grunt work on China's pig farms - NEWPAPER24  Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World _100032705_307859e9-2a69-40f7-bc54-bd464917ad19 AI does grunt work on China's pig farms - NEWPAPER24

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AI does grunt work on China’s pig farms – NEWPAPER24

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AI does grunt work on China’s pig farms

2018-02-14 17:19:35

Picture copyright Getty Photos
Picture caption Alibaba is making an attempt to entice Chinese language pig farmers to trial its tech

Synthetic intelligence expertise has been developed to assist piglets survive their first months – after which to resolve which sows to kill.

The scheme is being rolled out in China, the world’s greatest producer and shopper of pork.

It marks the newest deployment of tech large Alibaba’s ET Mind cloud computing service.

China’s pig business is notoriously inefficient, however one skilled mentioned the tech may additionally show helpful elsewhere.

Picture copyright Getty Photos
Picture caption China shoppers greater than 40 million tonnes of pork a yr

For now, the trial is restricted to the nation’s Sichuan province.

Alibaba teamed up with native feed supplier Sichuan Tequ and the farming group Dekon to develop the answer.

It claims that it ought to on common lead a sow to rear three further offspring a yr, and cut back the dying fee by three%.

The system is designed to take care of a profile of every animal, together with particulars of their weight, age, meals consumption and train, amongst different particulars.

Imaginative and prescient recognition software program – which depends on a quantity tattooed onto every swine’s facet – is used to maintain monitor of every pig.

The sounds of their squeals are analysed to attempt to decide if any of the younger ones are liable to being suffocated beneath their moms’ weight.

The AI tech additionally listens out for coughs, which together with infrared temperature readings are used to behave as an early warning system for illness outbreaks.

This could assist farmers know when to supply specialised vaccinations.

Picture copyright Getty Photos
Picture caption The AI system can supposedly enhance a piglet’s probability of survival in its early weeks

And when the expertise detects a sow’s productiveness fee has fallen beneath the norm it suggests she is slaughtered.

As China’s meat consumption continues to rise, Tequ mentioned the tech was crucial to assist farmers maintain monitor of their livestock.

“In case you have 10 million pigs to lift, you may barely depend what number of piglets had been born every day when the due date comes,” mentioned chief info officer, Zhang Haifeng.

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China’s Synced Evaluation information web site has reported that tens of thousands and thousands of pounds-worth of funding has been dedicated to the undertaking, and a promotional marketing campaign is already underway.

Slogans are being painted on rural partitions, together with the declare: “Excel in clever pig farming, marry a reasonably spouse early!”

Picture copyright Getty Photos
Picture caption China has about 40 million pig farmers, based on an estimate from The Economist Intelligence Unit

Tulip Agriculture, one of many UK’s main pig farmers, informed the Newpaper24 that there was additionally an urge for food within the west for additional effectivity beneficial properties.

“We actively examine, trial and commercialise novel applied sciences to enhance the well being and welfare of the pigs we produce,” commented agriculture director, Andrew Saunders.

He gave his agency’s use of RFID (radio frequency identification) tags in pigs’ ears as one instance of how Tulip had already sped up knowledge assortment.

However Alibaba means that its system is cheaper to run because it avoids the necessity to connect after which scan such tags, which might be tough to do in apply.

Picture copyright Getty Photos
Picture caption Many farms already use RFID ear tags to trace pigs

One skilled from the UK’s Nationwide Pig Affiliation, nonetheless, cautioned that there have been limits to what expertise alone may obtain.

“There are some issues within the British pig business about our entry to ample labour, as a result of we’re fairly reliant on migrants each on farms and in slaughter homes,” Dr Georgina Crayford informed the Newpaper24.

“So, methods through which manufacturing can turn out to be extra automated are clearly of curiosity,” she mentioned.

“However I do not suppose we’ll ever see a time when stockmen aren’t wanted on farms for good husbandry and the welfare of the pigs.”

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EU arsenic warning over magnetic putty kids’s toy – NEWPAPER24

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Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World _100106388_putty EU arsenic warning over magnetic putty kids's toy - NEWPAPER24

EU arsenic warning over magnetic putty kids’s toy

2018-02-23 12:01:36

Picture caption The product additionally comprises a magnet which fails to satisfy rules

An EU-wide warning has been issued over a kids’s toy feared to comprise dangerously excessive ranges of arsenic.

The “Magnetic Putty” toy was banned from sale by Northamptonshire Buying and selling Requirements (NTS) who discovered it had seven instances the permitted quantity of arsenic.

Amazon, eBay and Groupon all eliminated the toy, which has no producer or importer identification, from sale.

Final week a schoolgirl reportedly had 10 instances the protected restrict of arsenic in her system after taking part in with the toy.

NTS found the toy on a market stall within the county and, in addition to a excessive degree of the poison, the included magnet was discovered to be 29 instances over the allowed magnetic pressure and may very well be “simply swallowed”.

It solely banned this one explicit kind of magnetic putty, which didn’t embrace a CE mark to indicate it complied with the important security requirement for toys and likewise had twice the permitted quantity of lead.

NTS has been unable verify the provision chain of the putty due to a scarcity of traceability, however different manufacturers have been being examined.

Picture copyright Northamptonshire Buying and selling Requirements
Picture caption The Magnetic Putty product didn’t establish a producer or importer

Based on the European Union’s Speedy Alert System web site for shopper merchandise, the distributor has been ordered to withdraw the product from the market.

Its warning states: “Arsenic is poisonous and publicity to steer is dangerous for human well being and may trigger developmental neurotoxicity.

“If a toddler swallows this small magnet and different metallic objects, they might appeal to each other inflicting intestinal blockage or perforation.”

A spokesman for Northamptonshire County Council stated: “Buying and selling Requirements officers would reiterate the recommendation that if they’ve this explicit kind of magnetic putty to cease utilizing it.

“Any dad and mom with well being considerations a couple of little one ought to seek the advice of their physician.”

Earlier this month, a warning was issued for an additional magnetic putty, branded “Peanfun”, over fears of choking on the magnet.

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So what’s going to occur to males? – NEWPAPER24

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Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World pexels-photo-326559 So what's going to occur to males? - NEWPAPER24

So what’s going to occur to males?

2018-02-25 06:14:04



LONDON – The Y chromosome could also be an emblem of masculinity, however it’s turning into more and more clear that it’s something however sturdy and enduring.
Though it carries the “grasp change” gene, SRY, that determines whether or not an embryo will develop as male (XY) or feminine (XX), it comprises only a few different genes and is the one chromosome not obligatory for all times. Girls, in any case, handle simply advantageous with out one.
What’s extra, the Y chromosome has degenerated quickly, leaving females with two completely regular X chromosomes, however males with an X and a shrivelled Y. If the identical charge of degeneration continues, the Y chromosome has simply four.6m years left earlier than it disappears fully. This may occasionally sound like a very long time, nevertheless it isn’t when you think about that life has existed on Earth for three.5 billion years.
The Y chromosome hasn’t at all times been like this. If we rewind the clock to 166m years in the past, to the very first mammals, the story was fully completely different. The early “proto-Y” chromosome was initially the identical measurement because the X chromosome and contained all the identical genes. Nonetheless, Y chromosomes have a basic flaw. In contrast to all different chromosomes, which we now have two copies of in every of our cells, Y chromosomes are solely ever current as a single copy, handed from fathers to their sons.
Which means genes on the Y chromosome can’t bear genetic recombination, the “shuffling” of genes that happens in every technology which helps to get rid of damaging gene mutations. Disadvantaged of the advantages of recombination, Y chromosomal genes degenerate over time and are ultimately misplaced from the genome.

Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World so-what-will-happen-to-men-newpaper24 So what's going to occur to males? - NEWPAPER24
Chromosome Y in pink, subsequent to the a lot bigger X chromosome. Nationwide Human Genome Analysis Institute

Regardless of this, current analysis has proven that the Y chromosome has developed some fairly convincing mechanisms to “put the brakes on”, slowing the speed of gene loss to a doable standstill.
For instance, a current Danish examine, printed in PLoS Genetics, sequenced parts of the Y chromosome from 62 completely different males and located that it’s liable to massive scale structural rearrangements permitting “gene amplification” – the acquisition of a number of copies of genes that promote wholesome sperm operate and mitigate gene loss.
The examine additionally confirmed that the Y chromosome has developed uncommon constructions known as “palindromes” (DNA sequences that learn the identical forwards as backwards – just like the phrase “kayak”), which shield it from additional degradation. They recorded a excessive charge of “gene conversion occasions” throughout the palindromic sequences on the Y chromosome – that is principally a “copy and paste” course of that permits broken genes to be repaired utilizing an undamaged back-up copy as a template.
Trying to different species (Y chromosomes exist in mammals and another species), a rising physique of proof signifies that Y-chromosome gene amplification is a common precept throughout the board. These amplified genes play vital roles in sperm manufacturing and (at the least in rodents) in regulating offspring intercourse ratio. Writing in Molecular Biology and Evolution not too long ago, researchers give proof that this improve in gene copy quantity in mice is a results of pure choice.
On the query of whether or not the Y chromosome will really disappear, the scientific neighborhood, just like the UK for the time being, is presently divided into the “leavers” and the “remainers”. The latter group argues that its defence mechanisms do an important job and have rescued the Y chromosome. However the leavers say that every one they’re doing is permitting the Y chromosome to cling on by its fingernails, earlier than ultimately dropping off the cliff. The talk subsequently continues.

Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World 1519541848_344_so-what-will-happen-to-men-newpaper24 So what's going to occur to males? - NEWPAPER24
Mole voles don’t have any Y chromosomes. wikipedia

A number one proponent of the depart argument, Jenny Graves from La Trobe College in Australia, claims that, in the event you take a long-term perspective, the Y chromosomes are inevitably doomed – even when they generally maintain on a bit longer than anticipated. In a 2016 paper, she factors out that Japanese spiny rats and mole voles have misplaced their Y chromosomes totally – and argues that the processes of genes being misplaced or created on the Y chromosome inevitably result in fertility issues. This in flip can in the end drive the formation of totally new species.
The demise of males?
As we argue in a chapter in a brand new e-book, even when the Y chromosome in people does disappear, it doesn’t essentially imply that males themselves are on their manner out. Even within the species which have really misplaced their Y chromosomes fully, men and women are each nonetheless obligatory for replica.
In these circumstances, the SRY “grasp change” gene that determines genetic maleness has moved to a unique chromosome, that means that these species produce males while not having a Y chromosome. Nonetheless, the brand new sex-determining chromosome – the one which SRY strikes on to – ought to then begin the method of degeneration yet again because of the identical lack of recombination that doomed their earlier Y chromosome.
Nonetheless, the fascinating factor about people is that whereas the Y chromosome is required for regular human replica, most of the genes it carries are usually not obligatory in the event you use assisted replica methods. Which means genetic engineering could quickly have the ability to exchange the gene operate of the Y chromosome, permitting same-sex feminine or infertile males to conceive. Nonetheless, even when it turned doable for everyone to conceive on this manner, it appears extremely unlikely that fertile people would simply cease reproducing naturally.
Though that is an fascinating and hotly debated space of genetic analysis, there may be no need to fret. We don’t even know whether or not the Y chromosome will disappear in any respect. And, as we’ve proven, even when it does, we’ll more than likely proceed to want males so that ordinary replica can proceed.
Certainly, the prospect of a “farm animal” sort system the place a couple of “fortunate” males are chosen to father nearly all of our youngsters is definitely not on the horizon. In any occasion, there can be much more urgent issues over the subsequent four.6m years.
Darren Griffin, Professor of Genetics, College of Kent and Peter Ellis, Lecturer in Molecular Biology and Replica, College of Kent
This text was initially printed on The Dialog. Learn the unique article.

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Fitch says South Africa’s finances partly reverses fiscal deterioration | Investing House – NEWPAPER24

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Newpaper24 - Global online News around the World 1519539389_ Fitch says South Africa's finances partly reverses fiscal deterioration | Investing House - NEWPAPER24

Fitch says South Africa’s finances partly reverses fiscal deterioration | Investing House

2018-02-23 11:17:17


JOHANNESBURG (Newpaper24) – South Africa’s finances reverses a few of final 12 months’s fiscal deterioration however poor funds of state-owned firms stay a significant threat to fiscal targets, rankings company Fitch mentioned on Friday.

In a finances introduced on Wednesday, the Treasury mentioned value-added tax can be raised for the primary time in 25 years, a part of efforts to chop the deficit and stabilise debt.

“This may characterize a partial reversal of current fiscal deterioration,” Fitch mentioned in a press release.

“Nonetheless, fiscal targets are topic to substantial dangers, the most important of which stems from state-owned enterprises, notably the electrical energy firm Eskom, whose medium-term funds are beneath stress.”

Reporting by Olivia Kumwenda-Mtambo; Enhancing by James Macharia

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