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China launches pioneering mission to far aspect of moon – NEWPAPER24

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China launches pioneering mission to far aspect of moon

2018-12-07 05:51:07


BEIJING (AP) – China launched a ground-breaking mission Saturday to land a spacecraft on the largely unexplored far aspect of the moon, demonstrating its rising ambitions as an area energy to rival Russia, the European Union and the U.S.

A Lengthy March 3B rocket carrying a lunar probe blasted off at 2:23 a.m. from the Xichang Satellite tv for pc Launch Middle in Sichuan Province in southwestern China, the official Xinhua Information Company stated.

With its Chang’e four mission, China hopes to be the primary nation to make a comfortable touchdown, which is a touchdown of a spacecraft throughout which no severe harm is incurred. The moon’s far aspect is also referred to as the darkish aspect as a result of it faces away from Earth and stays comparatively unknown. It has a unique composition than websites on the close to aspect, the place earlier missions have landed.

If profitable, the mission would propel the Chinese language house program to a number one place in one of the vital vital areas of lunar exploration.

China landed its Yutu, or “Jade Rabbit,” rover on the moon 5 years in the past and plans to ship its Chang’e 5 probe there subsequent 12 months and have it return to Earth with samples – the primary time that can have been finished since 1976. A crewed lunar mission can also be into consideration.

Chang’e four can also be a lander-rover mixture and can discover each above and beneath the lunar floor after arriving on the South Pole-Aitken basin’s Von Karman crater following a 27-day journey.

It should additionally carry out radio-astronomical research that, as a result of the far aspect all the time faces away from Earth, might be “free from interference from our planet’s ionosphere, human-made radio frequencies and auroral radiation noise,” house business knowledgeable Leonard David wrote on the web site Area.com.

It might additionally carry plant seeds and silkworm eggs, in line with Xinhua.

Chang’e is the goddess of the moon in Chinese language mythology.

China carried out its first crewed house mission in 2003, making it solely the third nation after Russia and the U.S. to take action. It has put a pair of house stations into orbit, certainly one of which remains to be working as a precursor to a greater than 60-ton station that is because of come on-line in 2022. The launch of a Mars rover is deliberate for the mid-2020s.

To facilitate communication between controllers on Earth and the Chang’e four mission, China in Could launched a relay satellite tv for pc named Queqiao, or “Magpie Bridge,” after an historical Chinese language people story.

China’s house program has benefited from cooperation with Russia and European nations, though it was excluded from the 420-ton Worldwide Area Station, primarily on account of U.S. laws barring such cooperation amid issues over its robust navy connections. Its program additionally suffered a uncommon setback final 12 months with the failed launch of its Lengthy March 5 rocket.

Copyright © 2018 The Washington Occasions, LLC.

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Massive shareholder at Yelp desires a board reshuffle – NEWPAPER24

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Massive shareholder at Yelp desires a board reshuffle

2018-12-10 13:00:40


REDWOOD CITY, Calif. (AP) – Saying it’s misplaced endurance with missteps and earnings shortfalls, a big shareholder at Yelp is searching for a board reshuffle on the on-line overview web site.

In a letter launched publicly Monday, SQN Buyers stated that it desires Yelp Inc. so as to add some new administrators to its board, together with shareholder representatives.

SQN, which owns greater than four % of Yelp’s shares, says it believes that “the board has failed to carry itself and administration accountable for the corporate’s strategic and operational missteps, repeated missed earnings, misplaced alternatives and poor company governance.”

SQN has constructed up its stake lately, and is now one among Yelp’s prime 5 shareholders.

The know-how investor, based mostly in Redwood Metropolis, simply south of Yelp’s San Francisco headquarters, argues that the corporate’s board lacks urgency in addressing important points, amongst them a “gradual tempo of innovation.”

SQN says that Yelp has allowed Google and Fb to rack up a major variety of peer critiques for native companies. It’s additionally seen Uber and AirBnB roll out meals supply companies and different providers which have surpassed Yelp’s initiatives in these areas.

Yelp defended its board, saying Monday that its administrators are “lively, open-minded and engaged.” The corporate stated it’s centered on having a “extremely related and numerous board. Yelp stated the corporate is within the means of contemplating potential ability units and alternatives that might additional strengthen and improve its board.

In calling for adjustments to Yelp’s board, SQN stated that the typical tenure of a Yelp director is greater than 9 years, with just one new member becoming a member of the board since Might 2012.

“Yelp’s board will not be functioning successfully and is stale,” SQN wrote.

San Francisco-based Yelp says it’s dedicated to protecting an open dialogue with SQN. The corporate maintained that it’s dedicated to performing in the perfect curiosity of its shareholders, clients and employees.

Final month Yelp’s third-quarter income missed Wall Road expectations, and the corporate indicated that the present quarter would even be weak.

CEO Jeremy Stoppleman blamed the income miss on Yelp’s new non-term promoting, meant to encourage advertisers to strive the positioning with out being tied to longer-term contracts.

Its shares have fallen virtually 10 % over the previous 12 months. The rose greater than 2 % earlier than the opening bell Monday.

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The Newest: Greenpeace criticizes Poland over local weather talks – NEWPAPER24

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The Newest: Greenpeace criticizes Poland over local weather talks

2018-12-10 10:31:27


KATOWICE, Poland (AP) – The Newest on local weather talks happening in Poland (all occasions native):

1:05 p.m.

The manager director of environmental group Greenpeace Worldwide is criticizing the way in which Poland is presiding over the U.N. local weather talks.

Jennifer Morgan stated Monday the chair of the summit isn’t doing sufficient to make sure nations talk about ramping up their ambition to curb world warming.

Poland’s deputy surroundings minister, Michal Kurtyka, faces a tough job throughout the two-week talks in Katowice, bridging the variations of virtually 200 nations.

Morgan instructed reporters on the sidelines of the summit that her group is “deeply involved about how he’s operating these negotiations.”

Citing a public bust-up Saturday over whether or not to endorse a scientific report on preserving world warming on the 1.5 levels Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit), Morgan urged Kurtyka to ascertain a devoted working group that can ship an bold sign in regards to the world’s willingness to deal with local weather change.

___

12:20 p.m.

An environmental group says not less than 14 foreigners have been detained or deported by Poland’s Border Guard because the begin of the U.N. local weather convention within the Polish metropolis of Katowice.

Svitlana Romanko of the 350.org group stated Monday these deported have been from Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Germany.

A border guard spokeswoman, Agnieszka Golias, stated earlier that 161 folks have been banned from getting into Poland on Saturday, when some 3,000 protesters marched by means of Katowice to induce extra motion in opposition to local weather change.

Romanenko accused Polish authorities of “utilizing repressive powers” and stated the U.N. ought to stress Warsaw to ensure that civil society activists can participate within the local weather assembly.

Border Guards say a brief measure put in place for the local weather convention bars entry to individuals who doubtlessly pose a safety downside.

___

11:20 a.m.

Teams that monitor nations’ efficiency in tackling local weather change say Sweden stays high of the league, whereas america has dropped within the index.

The Local weather Change Efficiency Index launched Monday on the sidelines of a U.N. summit on world warming has no nations within the high three ranks as a result of none does effectively in all classes assessed.

However Sweden took one of the best spot, fourth, as final 12 months, whereas Morocco’s efforts to ramp up renewable power pushed it up a notch to fifth place.

The European Union as a complete rose from 21st to 16th place, however its largest economic system, Germany, fell from 22nd to 27th due to its reliance on lignite coal, a giant supply of greenhouse fuel emissions.

The New Local weather Institute, Local weather Motion Community and Germany, which produced the index, stated the U.S. dropped from 56th to 59th place on account of excessive emissions and poor scores for the federal authorities’s insurance policies.

Saudi Arabia got here final, in 60th place, partly on account of its obstructive position throughout worldwide local weather negotiations.

___

6 a.m.

Greater than 450 asset managers, together with main pension funds and insurance coverage corporations, are calling on governments to part out coal-fired energy vegetation and put a significant value on carbon to assist deal with local weather change.

The funds, with over $32 trillion in belongings, issued their attraction Monday as ministers gathered in Katowice, Poland, for the second week of a U.N. local weather summit.

Burning fossil fuels resembling coal is a serious supply of the greenhouse fuel carbon dioxide, and scientists say it wants to finish by the center of the century to maintain world warming beneath 1.5 levels Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit).

The USA has introduced it’s pulling out of the 2015 Paris local weather accord. It’s internet hosting an occasion on the U.N. talks to advertise progressive fossil gas expertise.

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Why We All Take the Similar Journey Pictures – NEWPAPER24

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Why We All Take the Similar Journey Pictures

2018-12-10 11:00:00

With 7.four million folks crammed into its 426 sq. miles, Hong Kong could be overwhelming to vacationers. However now an app tells you precisely what to see—or, extra exactly, what to {photograph}.

Scroll by way of Explorest to discover a surfeit of futuristic high-rises, minimalist staircases, and rooftop views excellent for selfies. Clicking on the pic tells you seize it—not solely the GPS coordinates for the place to plant your ft, but additionally the precise settings to punch into your digicam (within the unlikely occasion it’s not a smartphone).

“Two of the commonest questions requested on social media are ‘The place was this image taken?’ and ‘How do I get there?'” says CEO Justin Meyers. “We wish to make touring a extra seamless, cultural expertise utilizing an intensive database of native information.”

However Explorest is simply an app-shaped model of one thing vacationers already do: flit from attraction to attraction to take the identical images they’ve already seen of Buckingham Palace, the Golden Gate Bridge and even Brussels’ Peeing Boy. That script, staged time and again by numerous guests, displays how images has at all times formed the journey expertise—for good or unhealthy.

“It may be a gap as much as the world,” says Peter D. Osborne, the writer of Pictures and the Modern Cultural Situation, “or it may be forcing the world into your body—because it have been, virtually actually.”

The standardization of journey all began within the 18th century, as guidebooks started directing guests to “picturesque” views that appeared like work. They recorded them with the devices of the day: Claude glasses mirrored tinted, fisheye scenes that have been straightforward to sketch, whereas Digicam Lucidas truly transposed them onto the web page. Nifty as these instruments have been, they could not maintain their very own in opposition to the daguerreotype, a heavy wood field digicam launched in 1839 that gentleman vacationers quickly started lugging to Greece and Egypt. However the early expertise was nonetheless too cumbersome and time-consuming for most individuals, who simply purchased postcards.

Till Kodak. The introduction of George Eastman’s light-weight, foolproof digicam in 1888 meant hordes of vacationers might rapidly press a button to seize their particular person experiences … which turned out to be roughly similar.

That’s as a result of images truly created the points of interest within the first place. As sociologist Dean MacCannell noticed in his 1976 ebook The Vacationer: A New Concept of the Leisure Class, photos raise unknown landscapes from obscurity, marking them as important and “setting the vacationer in movement on his journey to seek out the true object.”

“Household in Earth Colours at Grand Canyon 1980,” from Roger Minick’s collection Sightseer.

If you discovered it, you snapped a pic to show it—a round ritual John Urry describes in his 2002 ebook The Vacationer Gaze. “What’s looked for in a vacation is a set of images photos, which have already been seen in tour firm brochures or on TV programmes,” he wrote. “[It] finally ends up with travellers demonstrating that they actually have been there by displaying their model of the pictures that that they had seen earlier than they set off.”

It is much less about seeing the place than taking the identical photograph as everybody else. On the Grand Canyon within the 1970s, Osborne noticed a bunch of vacationers lining as much as snap footage at a spot specifically marked for doing so. “Individuals have been queuing up, fairly politely, ready their turns,” Osborne says. “I assumed, ‘Why do not they only unfold out three or 4 meters on both facet?”

That lemming-like apply did not change a lot with the democratization of tourism within the late 20th century, and even with the explosion of digital images and social media within the 21st. Now there are extra vacationers than ever, extra journeys than ever, and extra lookalike images than ever. They nonetheless depict the identical definitive websites set out way back in journey books, however as these points of interest have grow to be unusual, the unusual has additionally grow to be the attraction. Your smartphone permits you to snap an infinite stream of Airbnbs, infinity swimming pools and concrete artwork—all of which you most likely first noticed on Instagram.

It is robust to interrupt out of that cycle. I knew it was foolish to affix the gang of vacationers clicking away on the Mona Lisa once I visited the Louvre a pair years in the past—geotagging has made all of it too clear how unoriginal these images are. However I did it anyway, elbowing by way of a sea of smartphones and selfie sticks for a tourist-free shot on the entrance. The go to simply didn’t really feel full with out it. However why?

As a result of photographing one thing is a method of possessing it—at the least, that is what the critic Susan Sontag argued in her 1977 traditional, On Pictures. “To gather images is to gather the world,” she wrote. It confirms your connection to locations and objects as soon as distant and distant, making the world barely smaller and fewer alienating.

Laurence Stephens

Sarcastically, although, “gathering the world” would possibly imply additionally dropping it. “A method of certifying expertise, taking images can be a method of refusing it—by limiting expertise to a seek for the photogenic, by changing expertise into a picture, a memento,” Sontag wrote.

Some latest research help that concept. One recommended that taking a photograph of one thing makes it tougher to recollect it. One other discovered museum-goers have been much less more likely to bear in mind objects in the event that they took images. And but, images is an neutral expertise like every other.

Possibly the issue is much less with the instrument than with the way it’s used. Most vacationers won’t ever be explorers within the conventional sense of the phrase, however you possibly can nonetheless interact with what’s in entrance of you in a critical method—and the digicam, and perhaps even apps like Explorest, can assist you try this. Jonas Larsen, professor of mobility at Roskilde College, has studied vacationer habits at points of interest in Denmark. Whereas some have been hurriedly snapping away, others have been taking their time, rigorously learning their setting between snaps. “Fairly than being lowered to one thing superficial, it may truly open you as much as a extra sustained type of expertise,” he says.

A vacationer in Hungary, from Kurt Caviezel’s collection The Photographers.

Kurt Caviezel

That feels true. Throughout a highschool journey to Italy, I lagged behind the group, stopping each few steps to take a photograph with my Nikon movie digicam. It supplied a method to look extra deeply and specific my delight on the particulars: partitions overgrown with ivy, home windows crowded with flower pots, a whitewashed monastery shining within the afternoon solar.

I wasn’t merely gathering photographs of the world I’d already seen. I used to be soaking them in.


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