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Colonia Dignidad: Germany to compensate Chile commune victims – NEWPAPER24



Colonia Dignidad: Germany to compensate Chile commune victims

2019-05-18 02:58:40

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Colonia Dignidad was constructed to resemble a Bavarian village however the actuality was very completely different

Germany pays compensation of as much as €10,000 (£8,700; $11,000) to victims of a infamous and abusive commune in southern Chile.

Colonia Dignidad was based by former Nazi soldier Paul Schäfer in 1961.

The commune, which was situated 350km (220 miles) south of Santiago, was run as a secretive cult and dozens of youngsters have been sexually abused there.

A whole lot of German and Chilean survivors will now be eligible for compensation.

The choice to pay the victims was made by a authorities fee in Berlin on Friday. A fund of €3.5m shall be put aside to take action.

It comes per week after prosecutors dropped their investigation right into a German physician who labored on the commune.

A court docket in Chile had discovered Hartmut Hopp responsible of complicity in baby intercourse abuse dedicated by Schäfer, however he fled to Germany earlier than he might be jailed.

German prosecutors stated there was inadequate proof to uphold the ruling.

What was Colonia Dignidad?

Colonia Dignidad was a colony arrange by Schäfer within the distant Maule space.

He ran it as a secretive cult with members residing as digital slaves and prevented from leaving by armed guards with canines.

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Colonia Dignidad modified its identify to Villa Baviera (Bavaria village) in 1991

At its peak, 300 Germans and Chileans have been residing within the 137 sq km (53 sq mile) compound surrounded by wire fencing and missed by a watchtower with searchlights.

Kids have been compelled to reside individually from their dad and mom and dozens have been sexually abused by Schäfer.

What else occurred there?

It was not simply members of Schäfer’s sect who suffered abuse.

Underneath the army rule of Gen Augusto Pinochet, Colonia Dignidad turned a clandestine detention centre. About 300 opponents of the regime have been interrogated and tortured in its underground tunnels each by members of the Chilean secret police and Schäfer’s associates.

At the very least 100 persons are thought to have been murdered there. A kind of believed to have been killed on the web site is US tutorial Boris Weisfeiler, who went climbing in Chile in 1984.

  • Lacking in Chile: What occurred to Boris Weisfeiler?

In its report, launched on Friday, the German fee stated Schäfer “tore households aside, abused numerous youngsters and actively collaborated with Pinochet dictatorship henchmen on torture, homicide and disappearances.

“The survivors nonetheless undergo massively from the extreme psychological and bodily penalties after years of hurt attributable to violence, abuse, exploitation and slave labour,” the report learn.

The compensation could be paid “solely out of ethical duty and with out recognition of a authorized obligation,” it added.

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Paul Schäfer died in a jail hospital in 2010 aged 88

Schäfer fled Chile in 1997 whereas going through numerous lawsuits over the sexual abuse of youngsters. He was arrested in Argentina in 2005 and convicted of serial paedophilia.

He died in jail aged 88 in 2010.

Colonia Dignidad modified its identify to Villa Baviera in 1991 and has grow to be a vacationer resort with a German-themed restaurant and lodge. Greater than 100 folks, lots of them former members of the commune, reside on the web site with many saying it’s the solely residence they’ve ever recognized.

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Niki Lauda dies: F1 nice did issues all his personal method – NEWPAPER24




Niki Lauda dies: F1 nice did issues all his personal method

2019-05-21 09:39:41

The Austrian System One driver pulled off certainly one of sport’s biggest comebacks after recovering from life-threatening burns and lung accidents in a horror crash in Germany in 1976 to win two extra world titles.

However the straight-talking triple world champion, who has died on the age of 70, did not imagine in miracles or the sentiment of the silver display.

The Austrian constructed his personal legacy by defying not solely dying on the observe, but additionally his household, employers and arch rivals alongside the best way.

“Thank God, I discovered in sport, that there isn’t a excuse. It is quite simple, for those who’re first, second or third there isn’t any dialogue.

“If one thing goes flawed, look into your self first — what did I do flawed?

“I solely see black and white, I’ve no grey areas and I hate them.

“I attempt to analyze, take the choice, even when it is the flawed one, it is higher than making no determination as a result of for those who take no determination you by no means discover out what it’s a must to do. “

READ: Three-time F1 champion Lauda useless at 70

Maverick racer

Lauda was born right into a rich Austrian household 4 years after the tip of World Struggle II, however regardless of rising up with privilege he discovered rapidly that he must make his personal method on the earth.

His household disapproved of their teenage son’s racing ambitions. When Lauda discovered an Austrian financial institution to sponsor his debut with the March F1 workforce, his grandfather — who occurred to sit down on the board of the financial institution — scotched the deal.

“He stated, ‘No method! If that is my grandson, you’ll not sponsor him,’ ” Lauda stated.

“I actually acquired upset with him and stated, ‘Go away me alone, it’s my very own enterprise.’ Then I began racing my very own method.”

READ: ‘Rush’ relives F1’s dying or glory days

Lauda bankrolled his personal method on to the F1 grid, making his debut within the 1971 Austrian Grand Prix for the uncompetitive March workforce.

His determination to take out additional financial institution loans to finance his F1 profession paid off on the finish of 1973 when he was signed by Ferrari — however even this new period with the game’s most iconic workforce noticed Lauda proceed to do issues his method.

“I keep in mind my first take a look at in Fiorano,” he recalled. “I drove the primary couple of laps and (workforce founder) Enzo Ferrari was there and Piero his son to translate.

“Ferrari stated, ‘So child, what do you consider this automotive?’

“I stated the automotive was s**t. And Piero stated, ‘You can not say this. You can not inform my father that the automotive is s**t as a result of he’ll throw you out. Inform him it is no good, it sounds somewhat higher.’

“He advised him and the previous man actually acquired upset as a result of I criticized a Ferrari.”

READ: The crashes that modified System One
Lauda attends the "legends race" at the racetrack in Spielberg on June 30, 2018, ahead of the Austrian Formula One Grand Prix.

Fortunate to be alive

Lauda quickly earned the respect of “Il Commendatore,” a proponent of robust love who the Austrian described as “probably the most charismatic man I’ve ever met in my complete life.”

In 1975 he stormed to 5 wins to seize his first world title with the Italian powerhouse — however the next season destiny cruelly intervened.

Going into the German Grand Prix on the infamous Nurburgring circuit, which he had requested his fellow drivers to boycott resulting from its poor security setup, Lauda was main the 1976 title hunt.

He got here out of the race preventing for his life.

Lauda’s Ferrari burst right into a fireball after a crash on the second lap. He was pulled from the flames with extreme burns and lung injury. Mendacity in hospital later that night time, he was administered the final rites by a priest.

Sometimes for Lauda, he noticed issues in another way. On the age of 27, he summoned his will of iron to discover a method again.

Simply 42 days after his crash in Germany, Lauda was again within the cockpit of a Ferrari and racing to defend his title on the Italian Grand Prix.

It was a comeback that defied the medics and his rivals. Lauda referred to as it probably the most brave determination in his F1 profession.

“First, I knew concerning the hazard,” stated Lauda, who wore a baseball cap to cover the scars left by his fiery crash.

“I went to each accident, even when I used to be not concerned or did not see it, to know what occurred.

“The accident didn’t shock me as a result of I knew it was harmful. I advised myself, ‘I used to be fortunate, I am nonetheless alive so why not as I am alive, God assist me, let’s attempt.’

“This was the massive problem … a comeback. For me it was clear, that the longer I wait, the harder it will be as a result of the extra worries you begin increase.

“I needed to do it as fast as potential to beat these issues and to maintain racing as earlier than.”

Lauda attends the Hahnenkamm si race on January 20, 2018 in Kitzbuehel, Austria.

Defining moments

But it surely was one other courageous determination that determined the F1 title that season.

Lauda refused to race in torrential rain within the deciding Japanese Grand Prix, which handed the crown to his rival James Hunt.

“I might take the identical determination at this time,” Lauda stated in 2013. “It was silly to race.”

The story of these defining factors was changed into “Rush,” a film by F1 fan and director Ron Howard.

For Lauda, his self dedication guided him all through his life.

After profitable a second title with Ferrari and transferring to the Brabham workforce, he stop F1 with two races nonetheless to run within the 1979 season.

Lauda won the F1 drivers' title three times.

Lauda stated he “uninterested in driving spherical in circles,” and a brand new profession as an airline boss beckoned.

Nonetheless, a second coming for McLaren introduced his third and last world title in 1984, earlier than an inevitable second retirement adopted.

Lauda turned an opinionated however revered voice within the interior circle of F1’s paddock, the place he patrolled as a non-executive chairman of the Mercedes workforce and a TV analyst.

If “Rush” is the film of his life then the soundtrack must be Frank Sinatra’s “My Manner.”

“I don’t need to change,” Lauda insisted. “I’ll proceed all over to the tip of my life on this method.”

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Niki Lauda: Tributes paid after F1 legend dies aged 70 – NEWPAPER24




Niki Lauda: Tributes paid after F1 legend dies aged 70

2019-05-21 09:46:56

The stays of Niki Lauda’s Ferrari after a horrific accident through the German Grand Prix in 1976

Three-time System 1 world champion Niki Lauda produced the “most brave act of any sportsman” in returning to racing so quickly after a horrific crash, says former team-mate John Watson.

Austrian Lauda, who received the drivers championship in 1975, 1977 and 1984, died aged 70 on Monday.

He nearly died following a crash within the 1976 German Grand Prix on the Nurburgring. Regardless of struggling extreme burns and inhaling sizzling poisonous fumes, Lauda resumed racing 40 days later.

Briton Watson was a team-mate of Lauda at Brabham and McLaren within the 1970s and 1980s and was one of many first folks to take care of him after the crash.

“No person realised the precise harm to Niki. The actual hazard he was in was not from the superficial accidents that we might see however from the deeper harm which was that to his lung,” Watson informed the Newpaper24.

“He’d suffered inhalation of poisonous fumes from the burning fibreglass and we did not on the time recognize the severity of the harm that he’d suffered.

“It was solely after two or three days that the story got here out that it was the lung harm that was the harm placing his life at risk.

“What was actually extra exceptional was the pace of his restoration and what he was in a position to obtain.”

Actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger paid tribute to his ‘expensive buddy’ Niki Lauda

Three-time world champion Jackie Stewart informed Newpaper24 Radio 4’s At the moment programme: “Throughout that accident he died twice and was resuscitated.

“Recovering from that accident, he got here to Monza [for the Italian Grand Prix], which I used to be doing commentary for. He should not have been there however wished to get again to racing.

“I’ll always remember him placing his helmet on and he was struggling a lot ache. When he got here out from driving on the finish I used to be there and the blood was working down out of his helmet.

“It’s totally unhappy information. I’ve recognized Niki for a very long time and he was simply getting into grand prix racing once I was retiring. We had a season collectively. He at all times had nice integrity and was one the smoothest, greatest drivers I’ve ever seen.”

After the top of his racing profession, Lauda grew to become non-executive chairman of Mercedes, serving to them win each the drivers’ and constructors’ title in every of the previous 5 seasons.

Staff principal Toto Wolff mentioned: “To begin with, on behalf of the crew and all at Mercedes, I want to ship our deepest condolences to Birgit, Niki’s kids, his household and shut pals.

“Niki will at all times stay one of many biggest legends of our sport – he mixed heroism, humanity and honesty inside and out of doors the cockpit.

“His passing leaves a void in System 1. We have not simply misplaced a hero who staged probably the most exceptional comeback ever seen, but in addition a person who introduced valuable readability and candour to fashionable System 1. He will probably be drastically missed as our voice of frequent sense.

“Our Mercedes crew has additionally misplaced a guiding gentle.

“As a team-mate over the previous six and a half years, Niki was at all times brutally sincere – and completely loyal. It was a privilege to depend him amongst our crew and shifting to witness simply how a lot it meant to him to be a part of the crew’s success.”

Nico Rosberg, who received the world title in 2016 with Mercedes, tweeted: “Expensive Niki. Thanks for the whole lot that you just did for me. I discovered a lot from you.

“Your ardour, your combating spirit, to by no means quit, you perception that you just at all times meet twice in life, and even your endurance with us children.

“Myself and all your 100 million followers around the globe whom you additionally so strongly impressed to by no means quit within the hardest of instances are pondering of you and your loved ones and want that you just relaxation in peace.”

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Nike and Adidas to Trump: New tariffs could be ‘catastrophic’ – NEWPAPER24




Nike and Adidas to Trump: New tariffs could be ‘catastrophic’

2019-05-20 22:28:30

“Any motion taken to extend duties on Chinese language footwear could have a right away and long-lasting impact on American people and households,” a coalition of greater than 170 footwear firms stated in a letter to Trump. “It is going to additionally threaten the very financial viability of many firms in our trade.”

The letter was posted on the web site for the Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America, an trade commerce group. It was additionally addressed to United States Commerce Consultant Robert Lighthizer, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and Larry Kudlow, the director of the Nationwide Financial Council.

Earlier this month, the Trump administration hiked tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese language-made items. The tariffs principally hit industrial supplies and part components, but in addition utilized to baggage, hats and gloves for US importers.

Moreover, the Trump administration has began a proper course of to slap 25% tariffs on the remaining $325 billion in items coming from China that are not already taxed. That checklist included sneakers, toys and different shopper merchandise.
The Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America estimated that 25% tariffs on footwear coming from China would add $7 billion in further prices for US prospects yearly.

“We are able to guarantee you that any enhance in the price of importing footwear has a direct affect on the American footwear shopper,” the businesses wrote of their letter.

China is a key hyperlink within the provide chain for US shoe firms. China accounted for 72% of all footwear imported into the USA in 2017, in keeping with information from retail trade commerce teams.
26% of Nike’s (NKE) footwear and 26% of Nike’s attire had been manufactured in China in its 2018 fiscal 12 months, in keeping with the corporate’s annual securities submitting. China is a “vital sourcing nation and shopper marketplace for us,” Nike stated within the submitting.

Of their letter to Trump, the sneaker firms stated they aren’t capable of rapidly shift manufacturing out of China. “Footwear is a really capital-intensive trade, with years of planning required to make sourcing selections, and corporations can’t merely transfer factories to regulate to those adjustments.”

Different US firms have additionally lately warned that further tariffs on Chinese language items will hit customers.

Walmart (WMT), America’s largest retailer, stated final week it would elevate costs on some merchandise on account of the Trump administration’s tariffs on Chinese language items.

“Elevated tariffs will result in elevated costs, we consider, for our prospects.” Walmart chief monetary officer Brett Biggs informed reporters Thursday.

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