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Indonesian election underway, as greater than 192 million head to the polls – NEWPAPER24



Indonesian election underway, as greater than 192 million head to the polls

2019-04-17 06:49:11

Some 192.Eight million individuals are eligible to vote throughout the archipelago’s 17,000 islands in what’s the world’s largest direct presidential election.

It has been billed as one of the sophisticated single-day ballots ever below taken. For the primary time, Indonesia is holding its presidential and legislative elections on the identical day, with greater than 245,000 candidates working for over 20,000 seats. Indonesia will want greater than 800,000 polling stations and 6 million election employees to tug it off.

Unofficial early outcomes are anticipated to be introduced in a while Wednesday, however the closing official outcomes will probably be made clear by Might 22.

A logistical feat spanning mountains and jungles

Indonesians are literally casting 5 ballots — for the president and vice-president, for members of the 575-seat Home of Representatives, for the Regional Consultant Council (or Senate), provincial legislators, and district and metropolis councils.

Polling begins at 7 a.m. native time and voters have till 1 p.m. to solid their ballots earlier than polls shut and the counting begins.

Making certain this mega-poll on the planet’s third largest democracy goes off and not using a hitch will probably be a logistical feat, with election employees touring by boat to distant islands, scaling mountains to achieve hill-top villages and trekking by way of jungles — typically on horses — to convey poll packing containers inside vary of each voter.

“The logistics of this election are fiendishly sophisticated,” stated Ben Bland, director of the Southeast Asia Challenge on the Lowy Institute.

“Indonesians are unfold over tons of if not hundreds of islands, many of those locations are very distant and mountain villages, you need to entry some locations by small boats, on foot in some circumstances. And keep in mind that many alternative areas have totally different ballots as a result of they’re voting for various native candidates,” stated Bland.

“So for the election fee to get all these hundreds of various sorts of poll paper to 800,000 polling stations throughout Indonesia is an actual geographical and logistical feat.”

Indonesian election officials transport ballot boxes to a remote village by boat along a river in Manggamat, Southern Aceh province on April 16, 2019.
However there has additionally been reported allegations of voting irregularities, with Prabowo and his group claiming there have been voter lists that included names of the lifeless and people not eligible to vote. The Election Fee is investigating the claims.

Indonesia’s election watchdog has additionally referred to as for a revote for greater than 300,000 Indonesians residing in neighboring Malaysia as a result of officers found invalid ballots, which had been punched by non-voters, and different uncast ballots.

“There may be convincing proof that the Abroad Election Committee in Kuala Lumpur didn’t perform its process of conducting the 2019 election objectively, transparently and professionally,” the election committee stated in an announcement.

It comes after video purportedly confirmed pre-marked poll papers for Jokowi in Malaysia.

Whereas Indonesia is a comparatively new democracy following the autumn of the Suharto regime in 1998, Bland stated the nation has a “fairly good observe report” of maintaining the election free and honest.

“Its vital to grasp simply how arduous it’s for international locations transitioning from authoritarianism to democracy to take action efficiently, and the way arduous it’s in a giant growing nation to carry profitable elections,” he stated, citing Nigeria and Afghanistan which have delayed their elections due to logistical issues.

“In the meantime in Thailand there’s an deadlock in the mean time due to uncertainties of the counting course of and the function of the navy authorities in that so I believe Indonesia deserves credit score for the way in which its constructed up a reasonably resilient election system,” he stated.

The challengers

Polls counsel that Jokowi, 57, is more likely to win a second time period. A former furnishings salesman, Jokowi grew to become mayor of Surakarta in 2005 after which Jakarta governor in 2012.

In 2014, he campaigned on a promise of making jobs, bolstering human rights and cracking down on corruption. The general public was offered and swept within the self-styled man-of-the-people over his navy strongman opponent, Prabowo, now 67.

However Jokowi’s shine could have dimmed over his five-year tenure. Analysts and former supporters say he has did not ship on points reminiscent of human rights — and compromised his values of pluralism to attain political factors.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo at a rally at Jakarta's main stadium on April 13, 2019 in Jakarta.

His selection of Ma’ruf Amin, a hardline Muslim cleric for his working mate, for instance, could have bolstered his non secular credentials by interesting to Islamic hardliners which have historically supported Prabowo. However it may additionally flip off those that voted for him in 2014 for his dedication to spiritual freedom.

As soon as once more, Jokowi is competing towards Prabowo, a retired military normal and son-in-law of former president and authoritarian dictator Suharto. His working mate is Sandiaga Uno, a businessman and vice governor of Jakarta who was named by Forbes in 2013 as Indonesia’s 47th richest man, with an estimated web price of $460 million.
Indonesian presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto during a campaign rally at the Gelora Bung Karno stadium in Jakarta on April 7, 2019.

Youth vote

There are 80 million 18-35 year-olds — about 40% of the citizens — eligible to solid a poll this yr and each candidates have made efforts to attraction to them.

Jokowi has beamed a hologram of himself across the nation, featured his pet goat on social media, and made references to the tv present “Recreation of Thrones.”

Prabowo, in the meantime, has centered on points reminiscent of unemployment that are more likely to attraction to youthful voters who’re fighting an unemployment fee of about 15.8%, in response to World Financial institution figures.

“Millennials are crucial to the 2 candidates,” stated Hasanuddin Ali, chief government of analysis firm Alvara Analysis Middle. “Millennial voters are additionally a key success issue within the Indonesian election.”

Indonesia election: violence-wracked province calls for independence

However it may show a tough promote. Analysts say there’s widespread disengagement from younger folks in the direction of politics and they’re delay by excessive ranges of corruption and mistrust within the system.

“Some do not feel like they’re being equally represented,” stated Ella Prihatini, an educational with the Middle for Muslim States and Societies on the College of Western Australia.

Others are involved that minority rights proceed to be eroded — over the previous few years police raids and vigilante assaults on members of the LGBT group have elevated and final yr the nation made strikes to criminalize gay intercourse.

“I believe it is unfair to count on LGBT Indonesians to vote once we’re not even thought-about part of this nation,” stated Amahl Sharif Azwar, a 32-year-old homosexual Indonesian freelance author who lives in Thailand.

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Why mix? Exploring the artwork and science of mixing – NEWPAPER24




Why mix? Exploring the artwork and science of mixing

2019-04-21 23:41:58

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Presentational white space

People are the mixing species, says thinker of the senses Barry Smith, however what makes some blends work when others do not? What does the talent of a superb blender consist in? And is mixing an artwork or a science?

Whether or not your favorite drink is tea or espresso, champagne or Scotch whisky, chances are you’ll be stunned to be taught that what you are consuming might be a mix. Whisky lovers usually prize single malt whiskies extra extremely than the blended Scotch that mixes them, however even single malts will probably be largely blends of spirits from totally different casks.

The urge to mix, it appears, is all over the place, and it’s also a distinctly human act. We alone go in for these repeated experiments of mixing what is thought and acquainted to create one thing new, and this marks us out because the mixing species.

The mixing of phrases and phrases to precise new ideas, just like the mixing of sounds to create music, present examples of a productive course of wherein we generate novel experiences by rearranging recognisable components into beforehand unencountered wholes, and it’s this course of that makes mixing basic in our artistic ingenuity.

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption A teabag might comprise 35 totally different teas

When did the human urge to mix first seem? It’s exhausting to place a date on it however the mixing of flavours in teas or aromas in fragrance has been with us for so long as we have recognized these merchandise and the seemingly inexhaustible prospects of making new fragrances and new blends of teas continues apace.

A mix is a mix of components blended collectively to supply one thing distinctive and distinctive and the success of a mix lies in its means to unite separate parts right into a seamless entire – or, a harmonious and unified association of components.

Discover out extra

  • Take heed to The Artwork and Science of Mixing from Monday to Friday this week at 13:45 on Newpaper24 Radio 4
  • The primary episode, on whisky, will probably be out there on-line shortly after broadcast

The better the variety of parts, the tougher it’s to attain general stability and concord, the place all of the components make a contribution and nobody aspect dominates the others. It might shock you to be taught that in a bottle of Johnnie Walker Black Label whisky there could be as many as 30 single malts within the mix, blended along with grain whisky.

What’s extra astonishing nonetheless is that from 12 months to 12 months the blenders should try to breed the sought-after flavour of Black Label although the malt whiskies they use to mix are in a special situation annually – and even when a few of these malts could also be unavailable. That is the talent of the blender: to goal on the similar factor every time whereas components change from 12 months to 12 months.

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Mixing Drambuie in Edinburgh, 1940

It’s the similar story with champagne. Veuve Clicquot’s Yellow Label wine is a mix of greater than 450 wines, constituted of totally different grapes – Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier – picked from totally different vineyards, mixed with reserve wines made in earlier years which have advanced with time.

This well-known mix depends upon place, time and kind of grape selection, to that are added the carbonated bubbles produced by a second fermentation of the wines within the bottle, making champagne maybe the final word blended product.

The secrets and techniques of mixing are constructed up by a lifetime of expertise. Perfumers know when two aromas will keep separate and when they are going to fuse to turn out to be a single new based mostly on the proportions we mix. These mixtures of notes, often known as an “accord” – the French phrase for chord – which in flip turns into one more ingredient to enter the mix.

The artwork is figuring out which mixtures are more likely to work, which mixtures of scents will fuse – and never confuse.

Picture copyright Alamy
Picture caption The mixing room in a French champagne winery

We nonetheless do not perceive the science behind this merging of compounds right into a single, unified aroma. Is it one thing in regards to the chemistry of those unstable substances, or, extra seemingly, is it a attribute of our olfactory gear that our noses treats some collections of molecules as a single be aware and others as a various assortment of odours?

A single molecule, resembling benzaldehyde, can scent like a mix of cherry and almond, whereas collections of greater than 800 molecules can scent like a single factor, espresso. The neuroscience of olfaction has a number of unresolved mysteries regarding the way in which we code and scent odours, which is why no synthetic nostril can but predict which preparations of scents we are going to expertise as a complete not to mention which of them we are going to discover agreeable. For now, not less than, the mixing of aromas and flavours nonetheless depends on artwork in addition to science.

However why mix within the first place? Why not stick with the very best quality components with out combining them?

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Tasting and mixing Gonzalez Byass sherry in 1954

The urge to mix has been opposed by an equally sturdy urge for purity. There are passionate advocates of single-leaf teas, single-cask malt whiskies and single-vineyard champagnes, who argue that solely right here will we discover true high quality.

The considering behind the straining for purity is all about origins. The direct line again to a single supply ensures that nothing has been misplaced or adulterated. Sadly, we generally encounter the identical line of thought on the subject of the blending of races or cultures. Against that is cosmopolitanism, which says it would not matter the place we come from, it is all about becoming in. Is that this the proper view?

Thinker Kwame Anthony Appiah is suspicious of the seek for purity and he factors out that hardly any of the issues we care about within the area of tradition match that mannequin.

“Shakespeare would not have been very fascinating if he’d mentioned, ‘I can not write a play about Hamlet as a result of he is a Dane,'” he says.

“Basho would not have been a lot of a poet in Japan if he had mentioned, ‘I can not use Buddhism and I can not use this Chinese language script to write down my poetry, so I can not write haiku.’

“It appears to be the pure situation of music and literature and so forth to need to borrow and blend and rethink with the intention to make new issues.”

On the similar time Appiah is eager to emphasize that the significance of origins has been unduly uncared for by some cosmopolitans.

Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Kwame Anthony Appiah along with his Gloucestershire grandmother in 1962

“I like what Gertrude Stein mentioned about this. She mentioned, ‘What good are roots if you cannot take them with you?’ And I believe all of us in actual fact can declare connection again down many branching routes by the household tree to many various locations,” he says.

“I grew up in two locations and every of them was very totally different from the opposite – one was a village in Gloucestershire and the opposite was the second largest city in Ghana. And I’m happy to have the ability to join myself to each of these locations each by ancestry and by expertise. I would not need them to not be totally different from one another; there would not be something additive about it, in the event that they had been to turn out to be the identical.”

Tales of origins are essential to most of us, and maybe we are able to all agree that it is what’s within the combine that issues – but additionally how effectively it is blended.

Prof Barry C Smith is director of the Institute of Philosophy on the College of London’s Faculty of Superior Examine, and the founding director of the Centre for the Examine of the Senses

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Picture copyright Newpaper24
Picture caption Craig from Guinness World Data measures the Jaffa Cake

It is a scrumptious construction consisting of a small sponge with a chocolate cap protecting a veneer of orange jelly. It’s arguably Britain’s best invention after the steam engine and the sunshine bulb. However is a Jaffa Cake really a biscuit, asks David Edmonds.

Learn: Cake or biscuit? Why Jaffa Truffles get philosophers very excited

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Jay-Z and Meek Mill launch jail reform group – NEWPAPER24




Jay-Z and Meek Mill launch jail reform group

2019-04-21 19:57:38

The pair had been readily available Wednesday on the John Jay Faculty of Prison Justice in New York to announce the formation of the REFORM Alliance, a corporation that goals to cut back the variety of individuals serving unjust parole and probation sentences.

Along with Jay-Z and Mill, the founding companions embody Philadelphia 76ers co-owner and Fanatics government chairman Michael Rubin, Kraft Group CEO and New England Patriots proprietor Robert Kraft, Brooklyn Nets co-owner and philanthropic investor Clara Wu Tsai, Third Level LLC CEO and founder Daniel S. Loeb, Galaxy Digital CEO and founder Michael E. Novogratz, and Vista Fairness Companions founder, chairman and CEO Robert F. Smith.

“I’ve spent my total grownup life getting ready myself to assist lead an initiative of this magnitude,” he mentioned. “I am wanting ahead to working with this highly effective group of founders to disrupt the established order and shift the legal justice system panorama for generations to return.”

Each Jay-Z and Mill have been outspoken of their advocacy for legal justice reform.

In 2017 Mill obtained a 2- to 4-year jail sentence for violating probation on a 2008 gun and drug case.

He was arrested in 2017 after being concerned in a combat after which once more in one other incident that concerned him popping wheelies on a dust bike.

The #FreeMeekMill motion resulted in his launch after 5 months in jail and shone a lightweight on what critics mentioned was the extreme nature of the rapper’s unique sentence of a decade on probation.
Meek Mill on jail reform: ‘We’re trapped within a system’

Since then, Mill has taken up the combat to verify others do not obtain a equally harsh sentence.

“I received caught up within the system and each time I began to additional my life with the music business … yearly or two it was one thing that introduced me again to floor zero, and it was probation,” Mill mentioned throughout Wednesday’s press convention to announce the alliance.

Jay-Z was one among a number of celebs who rallied round Mill whereas he was jailed.

In November, Jay-Z wrote an opinion piece for The New York Instances by which he took up the combat for justice for Mill and mentioned the legal justice system “stalks black individuals.”
Jay-Z takes on legal justice reform in wake of Meek Mill sentence

On Wednesday he mentioned the pair had grown up in an setting the place they witnessed the unevenness of such a system in the case of individuals of shade.

“We need to be very clear, if somebody commits a criminal offense they need to go to jail,” Jay-Z mentioned. “However these items are simply disproportionate and the entire world is aware of it.”

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Marketing campaign to deal with ‘botched’ beauty procedures – NEWPAPER24




Marketing campaign to deal with ‘botched’ beauty procedures

2019-04-22 00:31:30

Picture copyright Rachael Knappier
Picture caption There have been requires extra regulation of non-surgical beauty procedures, resembling lip fillers

A marketing campaign to deal with “botched” beauty procedures is to be launched by the federal government in England subsequent month.

It follows an increase in individuals in search of surgical procedures resembling a “Brazilian butt raise” overseas, which has led to deaths.

There have additionally been warnings concerning the rise in using self-injected dermal and lip fillers, with danger of inflicting problems that then must be handled on the NHS.

One knowledgeable welcomed the marketing campaign, however stated higher regulation was additionally wanted.

England’s Division of Well being and Social Care instructed the Newpaper24’s Victoria Derbyshire programme the marketing campaign, scheduled to launch in Could, will look to make sure the general public are totally knowledgeable concerning the significance of in search of skilled recommendation concerning fillers, Botox and beauty surgical procedure.

It stated it additionally hoped to deal with the variety of “botched” procedures, and the ensuing impression on an individual’s psychological and bodily well being, in addition to the fee to the NHS of therapy following such procedures.

Nora Nugent, a member of the council of the British Affiliation of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (Baaps), stated she welcomed the federal government marketing campaign in precept.

She stated the estimated enhance in individuals in search of beauty procedures had not been matched by improved training on what the general public ought to count on when accessing therapies, or what can go incorrect.

Whereas the rise of celebrities and influencers sharing their procedures on-line had led to elevated uptake, she added, it was additionally due partly to “rising availability, higher consciousness of procedures and comparatively extra affordability”.

‘My face was very distorted’

‘Greg’ – not his actual title – instructed the Newpaper24’s Victoria Derbyshire programme he turned hooked on utilizing dermal fillers – injections used to fill out wrinkles and creases within the pores and skin, though they’re additionally typically used to extend the quantity and definition of lips and cheeks.

He purchased them on-line – in addition to Botox – and commenced self-injecting into his face three years in the past.

“You’ll be able to lose sight of actuality of what your face seems to be like,” he stated.

“There was some extent the place I used to be doing it rather a lot and my mum was noticing that my face was very distorted, and I used to be dropping numerous my traits.”

You would not have to be a medical practitioner to manage such therapies, as filler options aren’t regulated like medicines.

However self-injecting could cause swelling and an infection, and in uncommon circumstances could should be handled with surgical procedure or medicine if it causes lumps to type underneath the pores and skin. It might additionally trigger blindness.

‘Extremely painful’

One among Greg’s self-injected lip fillers went incorrect when he had an an infection.

“I wakened the following morning, they had been uneven – one facet was greater than the opposite,” he stated.

“I had blisters. It was extremely, extremely painful,” he stated. “I used to be embarrassed to hunt assist.”

Greg stated he would now advise individuals to not use fillers, as it’s a “slippery slope”.

“Realizing the problems now, you need to be extremely cautious.”

Ms Nugent, a marketing consultant plastic surgeon, stated she had considerations concerning so-called “cowboy injectors”, resembling beauticians, who administer fillers with out medical coaching.

This poses a danger, she stated, as many aren’t certified to suitably assess sufferers safely or to identify when problems do come up.

She referred to as for restrictions as to who can carry out injectable therapies to be introduced in.

In March, the Welsh authorities stated it “could also be applicable sooner or later” to seek the advice of on including dermal fillers to the licensing system.

Picture copyright Getty Photos
Picture caption Celebrities like Kylie Jenner have helped popularise lip fillers

Save Face, the nationwide register of accredited practitioners, stated it acquired 934 affected person complaints concerning unregistered practitioners in 2017-18.

Of those, 616 associated to dermal fillers.

Ms Nugent stated she was additionally involved about individuals going overseas for beauty surgical procedure – the place sufferers could not see the surgeon till the day of the operation, and it’s harder to have follow-up therapy that could possibly be wanted because of problems.

She stated this included – however was not restricted to – Brazilian butt raise surgical procedure, from which two British ladies have died.

Observe the Newpaper24’s Victoria Derbyshire programme on Fb and Twitter – and see extra of our tales right here.

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