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Letters from Houston legislation agency define Bush’s enterprise acumen – NEWPAPER24



Letters from Houston legislation agency define Bush’s enterprise acumen

2018-12-07 14:29:50

HOUSTON (AP) – By no means-before printed private correspondence from George H.W. Bush within the archives of Houston legislation agency Baker Botts seize a interval within the late president’s life that’s usually overshadowed by his political accomplishments: his profession as a risk-taking entrepreneur who helped revolutionize the offshore oil and gasoline trade within the Gulf of Mexico.

The Houston Chronicle experiences Baker Botts represented Bush and his firm from his days as a younger wildcatter in West Texas by means of their enlargement into offshore drilling to Bush’s entry into public life. The greater than 100 letters and different correspondence from roughly the early 1950s into the mid-60’s underscore Bush’s popularity as a prolific letter author who used his aptitude for writing, humorousness and talent to empathize to forge connections that lasted a lifetime.

Even routine authorized work – for which Bush was paying, after all – would immediate a thank-you word. An Oct. 10, 1955 letter to Baine Kerr, a associate on the agency who, along with his spouse, Mildred, would turn out to be shut associates of the Bushes, was despatched ostensibly as a thank-you to acknowledge the receipt of some authorized paperwork. However the letter quickly shifts to the non-public, exhibiting graciousness with a little bit of lighthearted banter.

“The Bushes agree that Saturday’s journey to Galveston was good enjoyable, so pump a number of Dramamine capsules into Mildred and we are going to take out for the nice ship Nola I on our subsequent go to,” Bush wrote within the signed word.

The Nola I used to be a drillship used within the Gulf of Mexico by Bush’s firm, Zapata Corp., which was created in 1953 to probe for oil within the Permian Basin and named after the film, “Viva Zapata!” starring Marlon Brando.

Shortly after the corporate was shaped, Bush and his enterprise associate, J. Hugh Liedtke, created an offshore arm. Liedtke ran the onshore enterprise, which later grew to become Pennzoil; Bush operated the offshore the place he employed the latest expertise to discover the Gulf of Mexico.

Authorized paperwork in Baker Botts archive define Bush’s adoption on the what had been then the newest improvements, similar to jack-up rigs, which have legs lowered to the ocean flooring from the platform, and floating rigs, that are generally tethered to the ocean flooring

“This cellular drilling platform is designed to allow operation in waters as deep as 80 ft and constitutes a whole self-contained unit able to shifting from one location to a different when drilling is accomplished,” in accordance with paperwork on March 31, 1955 that had been associated to Zapata’s first inventory providing.

The 1950s had been pivotal for Bush, who had turned his again on a possible profession on Wall Road that might have been bolstered by his rich and well-connected household on the East Coast. As a substitute, he sought to make it on his personal within the oil enterprise. Daniel Yergin, the Pulitzer Prize-winning writer of “The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Cash, and Energy” (1991), mentioned Bush was a risk-taker on the forefront of the post-World Warfare II vitality increase, serving to to invent the offshore trade, which solely started round 1947.

“He was form of a frontiersman when it got here to America’s booming oil trade after World Warfare II and he was keen to take probabilities,” Yergin mentioned. “He wasn’t taking part in for security.”

Bush, along with his allure, may very well be very businesslike, the Baker Botts letters present. Following a lawsuit in 1957, Bush despatched Kerr a letter on Zapata stationery reminding him to debate a small settlement with the agency Andrews Kurth:

“Pricey Blaine: Only a reminder to ask you to name Andrews Kurth and attempt to settle the invoice. Something you’re employed out shall be passable. My frank feeling is that the $1500 is just too excessive, but when we will do no higher I suppose we had higher pay for it.”

However Bush by no means appeared to overlook an event to say thank-you – or needle a good friend. He despatched this letter to Kerr on Dec. 17, 1956:

“We Zapatas have been tremendously dependent upon your good recommendation throughout the previous yr and it’s adequate to say that Liedtke and I . are tremendously appreciative of the nice counsel you could have given the corporate,” Bush wrote. “I plan to be in Houston this week. Wayne (Dean) tells me there may be to be an workplace get together Friday afternoon and I’ll keep over for that. Please plan to attend if you’re nonetheless sober.”

Invoice Kroger, who leads the Baker Botts’ vitality litigation follow and acts because the agency’s historian, mentioned this era was essential to forming the political chief that historical past will bear in mind. Bush’s letters present that he remained variety, mild well mannered and caring at the same time as he dove into the fiercely aggressive oil enterprise, the place fortunes may very well be misplaced as simply as received.

“He had a lot expertise working an organization and coping with all the problems you could have in oil and gasoline exploration, with new expertise, working with individuals, working with the bankers and the attorneys,” mentioned Kroger. “That point of his life is underappreciated as his enterprise acumen and enterprise talent.”

By the early 1960s, Bush was making is transition from wildcatter to politician. In 1962, Bush grew to become chairman of the Harris County Republican Committee. In September 1963, Bush determined to run for U.S. Senate in opposition to the incumbent, Ralph Yarborough, at time when Texas was nonetheless dominated by the Democratic Occasion, as was a lot of the South.

He despatched a typed letter to Dillon Anderson, who was a managing associate of Baker Botts and had served within the Eisenhower Administration. Anderson supported Bush throughout the marketing campaign.

“Pricey Dillon: About Wednesday of this week I plan to announce as a Republican candidate for the US Senate. Since this has been just lately mentioned with you, I needed you to know that it’ll quickly be official.”

Bush included a handwritten word, asking Anderson to “hold your fingers crossed” and “give me loads of sound recommendation.”

Bush had the backing of highly effective Republicans in Houston, together with Roy Cullen, the rich industrialist and philanthropist who on the time was Harris County Finance Chairman. Cullen on Sept. 18, 1963, wrote to Anderson that he had opened an account for Bush’s marketing campaign fund. Following Cullen’s word, a flurry of letters had been despatched out looking for donations for $200 or extra, together with one despatched to James Baker, who would later turn out to be Bush’s good friend and confidant.

Baker Botts was based by Baker’s kinfolk, however throughout the 1950s and 1960s there was a strict rule forbidding nepotism so Baker couldn’t get a job there.

A letter from Anderson written to Houston Nation Membership is among the many paperwork supporting Bush’s membership. Whereas at HCC, Bush grew to become shut associates and tennis companions with Baker; the 2 even received the doubles championship on the membership one yr.

Baker Botts’ archives additionally embrace a never-published letter from Richard Nixon, dated Oct. 29, 1964, 4 years earlier than Nixon would win the nomination for president. “Due to my conviction that George Bush is a younger man that Texas and our nation wants in authorities, I’m anxious to do all the pieces I can to assist him obtain his victory on Nov. 3,” Nixon wrote, including that he would attend a dinner in Houston in Bush’s honor on Oct. 23.

Bush misplaced the election in 1964, however stored his shut ties to the agency. His son, George W. Bush, had his first job within the 1960s within the mailroom of the agency, working for a person named Chester Woodard, the primary African-American employed by Baker Botts and a son of slaves.

Baker joined the agency after Bush’s defeat to President Invoice Clinton in 1992, and labored there for 25 years.

Bush died Nov. 30.


Data from: Houston Chronicle,

Copyright © 2018 The Washington Instances, LLC.

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Chinese language court docket bans some iPhones over Qualcomm dispute – NEWPAPER24




Chinese language court docket bans some iPhones over Qualcomm dispute

2018-12-10 17:19:23

NEW YORK (AP) – U.S. chipmaker Qualcomm says it’s gained an order in a Chinese language court docket banning some Apple telephones in China as a part of a long-running dispute over patents.

Qualcomm stated Monday that the Fuzhou Intermediate Folks’s Court docket in China has granted preliminary injunctions ordering 4 Chinese language subsidiaries of Apple to cease promoting and importing iPhones.

It’s not instantly clear what the complete scope of the ruling is. Whereas Qualcomm says the ban covers iPhones 6S by way of X, Apple says all iPhone fashions stay out there for purchasers in China.

The dispute is over two Qualcomm patents enabling customers to format images and handle telephone apps utilizing a contact display. Apple says it’s going to combat Qualcomm’s “determined transfer” within the courts.

Apple and Qualcomm even have circumstances within the U.S. and the U.Okay.

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Zomato supply boy seen consuming meals from sealed orders in a video, Expertise Information, ETtech – NEWPAPER24




Zomato supply boy seen consuming meals from sealed orders in a video, Expertise Information, ETtech

2018-12-10 17:37:34

On-line meals ordering and restaurant reservation platform Zomato was caught in an issue after a video leaked on Twitter of one among its meals supply boys sporting a Zomato t-shirt with a supply bag, consuming meals out of its boxed order. Within the two-minute video, the supply boy was then seen resealing the packages and placing them again into the supply bag.

The video which has gone viral on social media since has obtained flak from customers. Nevertheless, the authenticity of the video couldn’t be verified.

Responding to the video, Zomato in its blogpost mentioned that the matter might be investigated internally. Citing that it is a ‘uncommon and strange case’, the foodtech firm mentioned that it’s going to quickly introduce tamper proof tapes, and different precautionary measures to make sure we safeguard in opposition to this.

“Moreover we are going to educate our supply fleet of over 1.5 lakh companions to spotlight or escalate any such deviations to us, whereas additionally encouraging our customers – the custodians of our platform to spotlight the smallest anomalies to us.”

The startup which has not too long ago forayed into the rising occasions house, and has launched Zomato Occasions, ended FY18 with a 40% progress in revenues at Rs 466 crore. The agency additionally minimize its corners tight squeezing losses by virtually 73% to come back in at Rs 106 crore in FY18 as in comparison with Rs 390 crore final 12 months.

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How you can plan your good residence – and weigh privateness dangers – NEWPAPER24




How you can plan your good residence – and weigh privateness dangers

2018-12-10 14:57:37

NEW YORK (AP) – You might need heard of lights that flip off with an app or voice command. Or window shades that magically rise each morning.

Know-how firms are pushing the “good residence” exhausting, promoting home equipment and devices that supply internet-connected conveniences you didn’t know you wanted. However earlier than you succumb to the temptation – for your self or others – think about that these gadgets may also give firms and hackers a key to your houses.

Right here’s the right way to get began in your good residence and what to fret about alongside the best way.


A sensible residence can embody options so simple as remote-controlled lamps and as refined as thermostats that know if you’re residence and switch up the warmth robotically. Down the road, you might need to combine and match these duties into routines, reminiscent of a wake-up ritual that robotically begins the espresso maker, lifts the window shades and performs the information.

With the proper instruments, you’ll be able to verify remotely whether or not you remembered to lock the doorways – and lock them for those who forgot. Some methods may also create momentary digital keys for company and contractors.

Many individuals begin fascinated by a sensible residence once they get a voice-activated speaker reminiscent of Amazon’s Echo or Google House, though such devices aren’t strictly obligatory. Nor do you even want precise good lights and home equipment, as you should buy good plugs, adapters that management current lights or no matter you plug into them.

In the event you catch the smart-home bug, you’ll be able to add home equipment with the smarts already in-built as you exchange your current ones. Main remodels additionally supply a possibility to increase smart-home plans. You in all probability wouldn’t need to get new window shades now solely to exchange them with good ones a 12 months later.


There are some issues to remember. Many gadgets are always listening for instructions and connect with company servers to hold them out. Not everybody goes to be snug with reside microphones of their houses (although your telephone might already be doing the identical factor, for those who had enabled assistive options reminiscent of “Hey Siri” and “OK Google”).

For essentially the most half, recordings will depart residence solely if you set off the machine, reminiscent of by talking a command phrase like “OK Google” or urgent a button to get the machine’s consideration. However an Amazon machine mistakenly recorded and despatched a household’s non-public dialog to an acquaintance after the machine mistakenly thought it heard the set off phrase adopted by a “ship message” request.

Verify what safeguards a tool provides earlier than shopping for. Good audio system, for example, usually have a mute button to disable the microphone utterly. Mozilla’s Privateness Not Included venture seeks to warn customers about merchandise with safety or privateness issues. A normal internet search additionally may flip up complaints.

Generally, it helps to stay with main manufacturers, as their company reputations are at stake in the event that they’re caught taking shortcuts. Greater firms may also rapidly repair safety holes that crop up. Devices from startups and no-name manufacturers might supply little or no safety; these firms could also be extra involved with dashing a product to market.

Greater firms, nevertheless, are additionally extra doubtless to make use of your knowledge for advertising and marketing. So think about the trade-offs.


Even when a product works as meant, it could be leaving a report that may resurface after hacks, lawsuits or investigations .

Producers, for example, usually retailer the voice instructions their gadget ship over the web and use that knowledge to assist them personalize their providers – and, doubtlessly, ads. These voice snippets might embrace music or conversations within the background. Respected manufacturers allow you to evaluation and delete your voice historical past; be certain to take action repeatedly.

And assume twice about good locks and their digital keys. In a child-custody dispute, for example, your ex may subpoena the information to study that you just’ve been staying out late on faculty nights. In the event you lease, a landlord may suspect an unauthorized occupant for those who create a visitor key that’s used day by day.


As cable and web providers grow to be commodities, the businesses behind them are turning to good houses for brand new sources of income. AT&T;’s Digital Life and Comcast’s Xfinity House supply cameras, door controls and different smart-home gadgets. The packages are good for many who choose one-stop procuring, although you may get monetary savings and get extra decisions by procuring round.

For the do-it-yourself strategy, think about which firm’s providers you’re already utilizing closely.

If it’s Amazon, then gadgets powered by its Alexa digital assistant may work greatest. There’s a spread of Alexa merchandise, together with fridges and washing machines. You possibly can command an Alexa microwave oven to “reheat one potato” as a substitute of getting to lookup what number of seconds. It’ll additionally reorder popcorn with a command – from Amazon, after all.

Likewise, for those who’re a heavy Google consumer, select gadgets that help Google’s Assistant. Apple has merchandise underneath the umbrella of HomeKit, whereas Samsung has SmartThings. Some merchandise will work with a couple of digital assistant.

Some gadgets, particularly cameras, include further charges for prolonged storage and different options. However typically, it’s important to pay just for the product.

Copyright © 2018 The Washington Occasions, LLC.

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