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Pryder dros doriadau posib i gynllun trwytho iaith – NEWPAPER24

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Pryder dros doriadau posib i gynllun trwytho iaith

2018-12-05 19:59:53

Picture caption Mae’n nod i sicrhau miliwn o siaradwyr Cymraeg erbyn 2050

Mae undeb addysg ac ymgyrchwyr iaith wedi mynegi siom a phryder y gallai toriadau y mae Cyngor Gwynedd yn eu hystyried i’r drefn o drwytho plant yn y Gymraeg ar ôl symud i’r ardal fod yn niweidiol i’r gwasanaeth.

Mae’r cyngor yn ymgynghori ar hyn o bryd gyda employees Canolfannau Iaith y sir ac undebau ynglŷn ag ailstrwythuro “oherwydd toriad mewn grant cenedlaethol… gan Lywodraeth Cymru a chynnydd mewn costau”.

Yn ôl undeb UCAC byddai “unrhyw un o’r opsiynau” dan ystyriaeth “yn cael effaith negyddol ar safon y dysgu” a’r niferoedd sy’n gallu manteisio ar y gwasanaeth, ac mae Cymdeithas yr Iaith wedi ysgrifennu at gynghorwyr yn eu rhybuddio bod toriadau arfaethedig i gyllideb y canolfannau o fis Medi 2019 “yn fygythiad i hyfywedd y Gymraeg yn lleol ac yn genedlaethol”.

Ond mae’r cyngor yn dweud eu bod yn bwriadu sicrhau na fydd yna effaith ar niferoedd y disgyblion sy’n elwa o’r gwasanaeth.

‘Gwasanaeth euraidd’

Nod y canolfannau iaith – pedair canolfan gynradd yng Nghaernarfon, Dolgellau, Llangybi a Phenrhyndeudraeth a chanolfan uwchradd ym Mhorthmadog – yw ymdrochi disgyblion sy’n newydd i’r sir yn y Gymraeg a’u helpu i ddod yn rhan o gymuned ddwyieithog.

Dywed y cyngor eu bod yn wynebu toriad o £61,000 yn y Grant Gwella Addysg y mae’n ei dderbyn gan Lywodraeth Cymru. Mae hefyd yn rhagweld cynnydd o £35,000 mewn costau.

Ond mae UCAC wedi mynegi siom nad yw’r ymgynghoriad “yn cynnig unrhyw opsiwn i gadw’r gwasanaeth euraidd yma fel y mae”.

Ar hyn o bryd, mae un athro i bob wyth disgybl – y gymhareb (ratio) sy’n cael ei hargymell gan arbenigwyr iaith oherwydd natur dwys y cwrs – ond mae’r undeb yn dweud bod “rhan fwyaf o’r cynigion yn golygu dyblu nifer y disgyblion i bob athro”.

Dywedodd swyddog maes UCAC yn y gogledd, Ioan Rhys Jones eu bod yn poeni y gallai’r newidiadau wneud hello’n “llawer anoddach trosglwyddo’r iaith yn effeithiol… a rhwystro plant Gwynedd rhag derbyn addysg Gymraeg a theimlo’n rhan o’r gymuned ddwyieithog ehangach”.

Ychwanegodd:”Mae UCAC yn gresynu nad oes gan Gyngor Gwynedd yr ewyllys i sicrhau parhad y gwasanaeth effeithiol hwn yn ei gyfanrwydd, ac nad oes ymdrech wedi’i wneud i ddarganfod y cyllid i’w gynnal.

“Pa obaith sydd gennym o gyrraedd nod Llywodraeth Cymru o filiwn o siaradwyr erbyn 2050 pan na allwn sicrhau bod siaradwyr Cymraeg newydd yn ymuno ag addysg Gymraeg – a hynny yng nghadarnleoedd yr iaith yng nghymunedau Gwynedd?”

Ymateb y Cyngor

Mewn llythyr at gynghorwyr yn disgrifio Canolfannau Iaith Gwynedd fel yr “un llwyddiant yng Nghymru sydd wedi bod o ran cymhathu plant mewnfudwyr”, dywedodd Toni Schiavone o Gymdeithas yr Iaith bod cynghorau Sir Gâr a Cheredigon yn ceisio cyrraedd yr un safon “ond nawr dyma Wynedd yn tanseilio ei chanolfannau ei hun”.

Dywedodd: “Os na ellir Cymreigio’r mewnfudwyr cyn eu derbyn at yr ysgolion cymunedol, [mae’n] gosod baich ychwanegol annheg ac anghynaliadwy ar athrawon.

“Byddai’r toriadau arfaethedig yn peryglu iaith ysgolion a chymunedau Gwynedd am arbedion honedig o £96,000 – sef £1800 yr wythnos, neu 1.four ceiniog y pen i bobl Gwynedd. Ydych chi wir am ganiatáu effaith andwyol ar effeithiolrwydd gwasanaeth y Sir am arbedion fel hyn?”

Mewn ymateb, dywedodd llefarydd ar ran Cyngor Gwynedd: “Oherwydd toriad mewn grant cenedlaethol mae’r Cyngor yn ei dderbyn gan Lywodraeth Cymru a chynnydd mewn costau, mae Adran Addysg Gwynedd yn ymgynghori ar ailstrwythuro gwasanaeth Canolfannau Iaith y sir, sy’n dysgu Cymraeg i ddisgyblion ysgol sy’n mudo i’r ardal heb sgiliau iaith Gymraeg.

“Fel Cyngor rydym o’r farn fod y gwasanaeth yn un allweddol i bolisi iaith addysg yng Ngwynedd, a’n bwriad ydi fod y ddarpariaeth yn parhau i fod ar gael i blant Gwynedd.

“Tra nad oes penderfyniad wedi ei gymryd ar hyn o bryd, rydym yn parhau i gynnal ymgynghoriad gyda employees a’r undebau. Bydd yr holl sylwadau a dderbynnir yn cael eu hystyried cyn i ni benderfynu ar y ffordd ymlaen.”

Mae cais wedi cael ei roi i Lywodraeth Cymru am ymateb.

World

11 billion miles from dwelling, Nasa’s Voyager 2 reaches interstellar area – NEWPAPER24

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11 billion miles from dwelling, Nasa’s Voyager 2 reaches interstellar area

2018-12-10 17:45:43


Nasa’s Voyager 2 probe has left the protecting bubble across the Solar and is flying by way of interstellar area, changing into the second human-made object to journey up to now, the US area company mentioned on Monday.

The announcement got here six years after its twin spacecraft, Voyager 1, broke the outer boundary of the heliopause, the place the new photo voltaic wind meets the chilly, dense area between stars, generally known as the interstellar medium.

Voyager 2 is now greater than 18 billion kilometres (11 billion miles) from Earth, having handed the boundary on November 5.

“This time is even higher for us,” mentioned Nicky Fox, director of the heliophysics division at Nasa, noting that one instrument, known as the Plasma Science Experiment (PLS), continues to be performing on Voyager 2.

“To have the Voyagers sending again details about the sting of the Solar’s affect offers us an unprecedented glimpse of actually uncharted territory.”

The identical instrument on Voyager 1 stopped working in 1980.

The 2 spacecraft, which seem like a mixture of a satellite tv for pc dish and an previous tv set with rabbit ear antennas, had been launched in 1977 on a mission to discover planets in our photo voltaic system.

The dual probes have left the heliosphere, however haven’t but left the photo voltaic system, “and received’t be leaving any time quickly,” Nasa mentioned in an announcement.

“The boundary of the photo voltaic system is taken into account to be past the outer fringe of the Oort Cloud, a group of small objects which might be nonetheless underneath the affect of the Solar’s gravity.”

Nasa says it should take about 300 years for Voyager 2 to succeed in the internal fringe of the Oort Cloud, and probably 30,000 years to fly past it.

“We’re trying ahead to what we’ll have the ability to be taught from having each probes exterior the heliopause,” mentioned Suzanne Dodd, Voyager undertaking supervisor at Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Voyager 2 is formally Nasa’s longest-running mission.

The 2 spacecraft had been designed to final 5 years and examine Jupiter and Saturn.

Voyager makes historical past by travelling into area past the solar

“Each spacecraft are very wholesome, in case you take into account them senior residents,” mentioned Suzanne Dodd, Director for the Interplanetary Community Directorate, because the science outcomes had been unveiled on the American Geophysical Union annual assembly within the US capital.

A key concern is energy, and Nasa has to maintain shutting down devices to order energy. However they might have 5 to 10 years left of life, she mentioned.

Every spacecraft carries a Golden Document of Earth sounds, photos and messages, which goals to function proof of Earth’s civilisation.



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Asia

European shares retreat as Might delays UK Brexit vote – NEWPAPER24

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European shares retreat as Might delays UK Brexit vote

2018-12-10 17:50:38

LONDON: Inventory markets and the pound slid on Monday (Dec 10) after British Prime Minister Theresa Might mentioned she was delaying a parliamentary vote on her deal to go away the EU after conceding it will not win enough assist.

READ: British PM delays essential Brexit vote

Merchants took fright after Might’s transfer added to an unappetising menu of excessive dangers to the worldwide financial system, together with the China-US commerce row, indicators of weak spot within the Chinese language and US economies and risky oil costs.

Extra gloom descended after a Chinese language court docket ruling ordering a ban within the nation on iPhone gross sales in a patent dispute between US chip producer Qualcomm and Apple, in accordance with a Qualcomm assertion.

Apple shares fell 2.1 two per cent mid-session, taking the autumn in its worth since early October to greater than 30 per cent.

Qualcomm shares jumped 2.9 per cent.

Wall Road’s broad-based S&P 500 dropped 1.eight per cent whereas the tech-rich Nasdaq Composite Index shed 1.Three per cent.

However the principle focus was on Britain’s battle with Brexit because the pound hit an 18-month low with Might’s determination to delay an important parliamentary vote on a difficulty that has riven the nation for the reason that June 2016 referendum vote to go away.

Britain was already digesting official knowledge displaying sluggish development in October on a stalling automotive sector earlier than Might advised parliament she would defer a vote scheduled for Tuesday night, acknowledging it will be defeated.

GRAWING UNCERTAINTY

“Political uncertainly continues to gnaw away on the nerves of traders pushing the pound to only above the US$1.25 stage,” mentioned Rabobank analyst Jane Foley.

“Anxiousness might have been triggered by Brexit – however the future and functioning of the federal government is now additionally a risk for the pound,” which misplaced greater than 1.5 per cent to strike US$1.2507 – the bottom stage since April 2017.

READ: Pound sinks under US$1.26 after Might delays Brexit deal vote

“That is one more blow for corporations determined for readability,” mentioned Carolyn Fairbairn, head of the Confederation of British Trade large enterprise foyer as Might insisted her deal “is the proper one” whereas promising to hunt “further reassurance” from Brussels over a controversial provision on Northern Eire.

Earlier, the European Court docket of Justice had dominated that Britain was free to halt withdrawal from the bloc unilaterally in response to a swimsuit from a gaggle of Scottish politicians.

‘INCREASINGLY UNTENABLE’

David Cheetham, chief market analyst at XTB UK, mentioned a vote delay would solely deepen uncertainty.

“The transfer might have spared an embarrassing parliamentary defeat for the PM however it’ll little doubt see these requires her to get replaced develop ever extra vociferous,” Cheetham mentioned, including that Might’s place is trying “more and more untenable.”

London’s FTSE-100 index briefly edged into optimistic territory earlier than closing down nearly one per cent.

Elsewhere on Monday, oil costs slid on profit-taking, having surged forward of the weekend as OPEC and different key crude producers together with Russia agreed to chop output by 1.2 million barrels a day.

Russian Power Minister Alexander Novak mentioned the settlement “ought to assist the market attain a steadiness” after costs plunged by a couple of third from their four-year highs seen at the beginning of October.

“Oil’s future rests on commerce wars and weakening knowledge, and whether or not both or each of those elements will begin to ease in coming months, boosting demand expectations,” famous Chris Beauchamp, chief market analyst at IG.

In Asia, China on Monday ratcheted up its protest over the arrest of an government of telecom big Huawei on a US warrant in Canada, calling studies of her remedy “inhumane” as she seeks her launch on bail for well being causes.

READ: China slams ‘inhumane’ remedy of Huawei government

Key figures round 1700 GMT:

New York – Dow Jones: DOWN 1.5 per cent at 24,039.86 factors

London – FTSE 100: DOWN 0.eight per cent at 6,721.54 (shut)

Frankfurt – DAX 30: DOWN 1.5 per cent at 10,622.07 (shut)

Paris – CAC 40: DOWN 1.5 per cent at 4,742.38 (shut)

EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 1.5 per cent at 3,012.14

Tokyo – Nikkei 225: DOWN 2.1 per cent at 21,219.50 (shut)

Hong Kong – Cling Seng: DOWN 1.2 per cent at 25,752.38 (shut)

Shanghai – Composite: DOWN 0.eight per cent at 2,584.58 (shut)

Pound/greenback: DOWN at US$1.2567 from US$1.2742 at 2200 GMT Friday

Euro/greenback: UP at US$1.1407 from US$1.1406

Greenback/yen: UP at 112.71 yen from 112.68 yen

Oil – Brent Crude: DOWN 78 cents at US$60.89 per barrel

Oil – West Texas Intermediate DOWN US$1.00 cents at US$51.61 per barrel

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US & Canada

Bail hearings proceed in Canada for Huawei CFO Sabrina Meng Wanzhou – NEWPAPER24

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Bail hearings proceed in Canada for Huawei CFO Sabrina Meng Wanzhou

2018-12-10 18:08:40



The Canadian bail proceedings for Huawei Applied sciences chief monetary officer Sabrina Meng Wanzhou have resumed in British Columbia’s Supreme Courtroom, along with her defence staff persevering with to argue on Monday that she poses no flight threat and must be launched in Vancouver, pending an extradition listening to.

The US seeks her extradition to face a number of fraud prices referring to alleged breaches of US and EU sanctions towards Iran, every carrying a most sentence of 30 years.

Sabrina Meng: Affidavit cites well being issues in bid to win bail

Meng owns two houses in Vancouver along with her husband Liu Xiazong, as soon as lived in Vancouver herself and has been a daily traveller to the town, her lawyer, David J. Martin, has instructed Mr Justice William Ehrcke.

Representing the legal professional normal of Canada, on behalf of america, John Gibb-Carsley has argued that Meng has entry to huge sources and poses an unacceptable flight threat.

She is being held on the Alouette Correctional Centre for Girls, in close by Maple Ridge.

The daughter of Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei, Meng, 46, was arrested at Washington’s request at Vancouver Worldwide Airport on December 1 as she modified planes on a flight from Hong Kong to Mexico.

Her bail listening to started final week, and drew a packed home of reporters from information retailers all over the world on Friday, however was continued to Monday.

China says Canada breached settlement over Huawei arrest

The case has infuriated Beijing, which summoned the ambassadors of america and Canada this weekend to demand Meng’s fast launch. The arrest has additionally roiled world monetary markets.

On Monday, a whole bunch of reporters and members of the general public lined up exterior the high-capacity, high-security Courtroom 20.

The 149-seat public gallery was swiftly crammed to capability, with the overflow of reporters and public watching video screens arrange exterior.

Vancouver police examine break-in try at house of Huawei’s Meng

Meng’s husband, Liu Xiazong, was seated within the public gallery chatting with Huawei lawyer Sarah Leamon and the tech agency’s senior vice-president, Scott Bradley.

A number of the public observers had been obvious supporters of Meng from Vancouver’s Chinese language neighborhood. “The judges listed below are lawless. Lawless!” stated one aged man within the queue. “We’re right here to assist her human rights.”

Meng entered the courtroom in the identical inexperienced jail tracksuit she wore at Friday’s listening to. She laughed with Martin earlier than the choose entered the room.

One man within the public gallery repeatedly dashed out of the room as his telephone rang – the ringtone was the Chinese language nationwide anthem, “March of the Volunteers”, drawing chuckles.

Because the listening to resumed, Martin argued for Meng’s launch on bail, to be supervised by privately employed safety agency Lions Gate, telling Mr Justice Ehrcke that Meng consented to guards taking her into bodily custody “within the occasion of an tried breach” of her bail.

Meng would pay for any personal safety supervision, ought to she be freed on bail, Martin added.



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